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Chorisia speciosa, cultivation and uses


There Chorisia speciosais a tree of the Bombacaceae family (the same to which thebaobab) and immediately strikes the attention for its trunk full of thorns.

The trunk, just like that of the baobab, is swollen at the base and is covered with large conical thorns. In its natural habitat theChorisia speciosait can reach and exceed a height of 20 meters. The tissues at the base of the stem swell to accumulate water to be used as a reserve in periods of drought.

The species is present in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina where it is known asdrunk tree(pole borracho). It is grown in tropical and subtropical regions and was introduced in Italy at the end of the 19th century in the botanical garden of Palermo. From there it gradually spread as an ornamental plant both for private gardens and for street furniture.

Therechorisia speciosait is mainly cultivated for ornamental purposes. Outside the private gardens, thechorisia speciosait is grown for the use of its fruits and seeds which, in addition to being edible (therefore of interest to the food industry), enjoy good industrial interest. From seeds, i

Furthermore, it is possible to extract a very particular vegetable oil.

The wood of theChorisia speciosait is very light and is white, it is used to replace cork or to make light barrels.

The fruits of Chorisia speciosa

When the seed reaches full maturity, the fruit is formed. The fruit of thechorisia speciosait is an ovoid pod with a woolly appearance. It measures 20 cm in length and inside it collects the small seeds surrounded by a fibrous mass. The soft and white material that encloses the seeds is reminiscent of cotton or silk and finds various applications in the industrial sector.

The downy fiber extracted fromfruits of chorisia speciosaalthough not as good quality as kapok (in fact it is known as fake kapok), is used for the preparation of soft and flexible paddings (has a density of 0.27 g / cm) and is used for the production of different materials such as ropes or paper.

The flowers of Chorisia speciosa

The flowers are hermaphrodite, they are large and showy with pink or red petals. Therechorisia specious, in its natural habitat, blooms between February and May, however the flowering period varies according to the geographical position: with the Mediterranean climate chorisia speciosait blooms between October and November, so it's perfect for those who want a flower garden in the fall

The nectar of chorisia speciosait is popular for its ability to attract pollinating insects such as monarch butterflies.

The photos show the chorisia speciosa that thrives in my garden. In particular, the flowers, the fruit and the thorny trunk are shown.

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Video: Kapok. White Silk Cotton Tree Cei ba pentandra fruit (December 2021).