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How to grow aromatic herbs in pots or in the garden. Instructions for growingperennial aromatic plants, annual or biennial, to be planted in the garden or in pots.
Gardening beginners can approach small ones crops with the aromatic plants.
The aromatic plants they are easy to grow and require no elaborate techniques. The best thing might be to create a small collection of medicinal plants, to grow in the garden or in pots, perhaps using a sunny terrace or balcony.
By cultivating aromatic plants we have the opportunity to learn to know them closely, so as to appreciate their olfactory and organoleptic qualities and consume them both dried and fresh. Aromatic herbs, in fact, have the advantage of being consumed fresh or dried. Jars of dried aromatic herbs they could be an excellent gift idea to be appreciated by a neighbor or mother-in-law!
Aromatic herbs cultivation
For the cultivation of aromatic plants you don't necessarily need to have a vegetable garden, just dedicate a special area to these plants such as a balcony or a very bright window sill.
We can start cultivate aromatic herbs most common: rosemary, sage, thyme, marjoram, oregano, savory, tarragon, chives ... It will be enough to follow a few precautions and aromatic plants they will almost grow by themselves!
In this regard we will illustrate you how to grow herbs in pots or in the garden giving you all the necessary information.
How to grow aromatic plants in the vegetable garden
For pot cultivation, the period for planting is very indicative: generally, when grown in pots, the plants are placed in sheltered environments.
- Period for planting
For who wantscultivate herbs in the gardenor in any case outdoors, the ideal period for planting falls between March and April and you should never go beyond May.
Two weeks before planting, the garden soil must be worked with a deep dig (move the soil at a depth of 40 cm) to move the clods and perform a very light organic fertilization. Thearomatic plantsthey are undemanding but when working the soil, if not very fertile, we recommend adding manure or other organic fertilizer.
If you have to grow a very large area, we recommend organizing yourself in well-ordered rows. If you dedicate a corner of the garden to aromatic herbs, you can grow them without respecting a geometric order.
- Planting aromatic herbs in the vegetable garden
For planting, the hole of a size suitable for the bread of earth is dug, the plant is inserted and the substrate is brought back to the level of the collar. Finally, compact the soil with your hands and irrigate. The next day, check the level of the ground and if necessary, add more.
Aromatic herbs in pots
All the cultivation practices necessary to realize a small cultivation of aromatic plants within reach of the kitchen.
- Vase and containers
Since these are plants with small or modest dimensions, common pots of 20/24 cm in diameter are fine. For those with a more developed shrub habit, such as rosemary or sage, we can instead use larger containers.
If you have space we can put some plants, perhaps the smallest ones, in pots to hang on the wall.
Aromatic herbs need at least six hours of sun a day, only in this way can they have high beneficial properties
- Soil or loam
The aromatic they prefer a poor and well-drained substrate; it is enough to mix two parts of flower soil, or simply that of our garden, with one part of coarse sand and two handfuls of pumice or volcanic lapilli.
Before putting the soil in the pots, place small shards on the holes then pour a 2-5 cm layer of lapilli or expanded clay. Better not to use saucers because the water must flow freely.
To ensure a luxuriant harvest, it is good to bury cornunghia in the ground, in the pot or in the vegetable garden, a slow release organic fertilizer which, in addition to nourishing the plants, prevents the formation of fungi and molds in the soil.
- Pruning and repotting
In spring, the aromatic herbs must be cleaned of the dry and shabby parts, then the too large stumps must be divided and the plants whose pots will now appear too small must be repotted, giving them all a little fertilizer.
- Cultural care
Regular irrigation is sufficient, paying attention to the specific needs of each individual plant and paying attention to the drainage of the drainage holes. The dried inflorescences must be cut, the ground cleaned of weeds, making sure that there are no unwanted guests (parasites) lurking: in that case it will be necessary to intervene with ad hoc natural products.
Useful advice: to be able to recognize them easily, it is advisable to put a wooden tag with the name written on it next to each new plant.
Perennial, annual and biennial aromatic plants
For the list of names of aromatic plants, divided according to the cultivation cycle, we refer you to the article dedicated to Aromatic plants. In this article, you will not only find the list of names of aromatic herbs but also the classification based on the type of crop cycle: annual, biennial or perennial aromatic.