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Dandelion: properties, recipes, active ingredients, uses and information on uses in cooking, phytotherapy and folk medicine.
Dandelion or dandelion
Before seeing the properties and uses of thedandelion, let's take an overview of the spread of this wild flowering plant, belonging to the family ofAsteraceae,to be clear, the same family of chamomile and chicory. Not surprisingly, thedandelionit is also calledwild chicory or donkey chicory. There are many names given to thedandelion, to name a few:
- Dog tooth
- Showerhead (for its infructescence that must be blown by making a wish!)
- Wild chicory
- Asinine chicory
- Pig's snout
- Grease us
- Pork salad
- Dog piss
Thedandelionis a perennial herbaceous plant with simple, oblong, lobed and lanceolate leaves, with toothed margins (that's why it is renowned as "dandelion"Or dog tooth). Thedandelionit grows spontaneously in lowland areas and up to an altitude of 2000 m, sometimes with a weed character. In Italy it grows everywhere and can easily be found in uncultivated fields, on meadows, along paths or roadsides.
Active ingredients of Dandelion
Theproperties of Dandelionthey are due to the interesting bioactive substances (active ingredients) contained in the plant cells of this spontaneous plant. The fresh plant contains a very high percentage of cellulose, the leaves include bioactive substances such as:
- Derivatives of taraxinic acid, sesquiterpenlactone
- Triterpenes and steroids
- Vitamins (in particular B1, B2, C, E)
The root is particularly rich in:
- Derivatives of taraxinic acid, sesquiterpenlactones
- Taraxinic acid and taraxacolide
- Triterpenes and steroids
- Linolic acid
- Linoleic acid
Properties of the Dandelion
Thedandelionit has purifying properties and is also an interesting plant from a nutritional point of view. 100 grams ofdandelionthey provide only 20 kcal and a large number of micronutrients such as:
- Vitamin A - 8,000 mcg
- Vitamin B1 - 0.19 mg
- Vitamin B2 - 017 mg
- Vitamin B3 - 0.17 mg
- Vitamin C - 36 mg
- Calcium - 160 mg
- Iron - 3.5 mg
- Potassium - 440 mg
- Sodium - 76 mg
Thanks to its properties, thedandelionit is the perfect ingredient for those who intend to purify the body using DIY detoxifying herbal teas. It is also useful for those suffering from hypertension thanks to the high potassium content. The beneficial properties of dandelion are so popular that the use of its leaves and roots has given rise to a practice calledDandelion therapy.
To take advantage of the purifying properties of dandelion we advise you to prepare a good one detox herbal tea based on dandelion and mint. Infusions and other dandelion-based preparations, in phytotherapy, are used to treat inappetence and mild digestive disorders.
Recipes based on Dandelion
Thedandelion in the kitchenit is widely used in peasant traditions. In Piedmont, accompanied by hard-boiled eggs, thedandelionis consumed during theEaster Monday(the Easter Monday trip). The buds are appreciated if prepared in oil and vinegar, they can replace capers.
With the flowers you can prepare jams or small pizzas to be fried in batter (flour, water and a few drops of beer). The tender basal rosettes can be prepared boiled and seasoned with salt and oil or sautéed in a pan with garlic.
Among the various recipes based on dandelion we point out:
- How to cook dandelion - dandelion and potato balls
- Dandelion in the kitchen
- Dandelion jam
Purifying herbal tea based on dandelion
There is no shortage of purifying herbal teas based on dandelions on the market. This is the case of the Bonomelli purifying herbal tea based on dandelion extract, nettle, milk thistle and turmeric. A pack of 16 filters costs € 2.23. It is recommended to consume 2 cups of herbal tea a day at any time of the day. It is prepared like the classic tea: pour boiling water into a cup containing the filter and leave to infuse for 4 - 5 minutes. The herbal tea combines the diuretic properties of dandelion with the special taste of turmeric, nettle and milk thistle, plants famous for their purifying properties.