How to build a chicken coop with brick and concreteor with wood and metal nets. Here are all the instructions for building a DIY chicken coop.
Building a chicken coop it does not involve large expenses, it takes patience and good dexterity. The work will then be rewarded by the hens who will give you fresh eggs every day! In the article we will illustrate how to build a chicken coop in a simple and safe way, usingbrick and concreteor wood.
Size and location of the chicken coop
The most important thing before proceeding is to evaluate the location of the chicken coop. This is a very reasoned choice to avoid bad disappointments. The chicken coop should be built in an area very well exposed to the sun: the heat favors the laying of eggs and the sun prevents diseases.
The dimensions must be calculated based on the number of chickens that will host you, taking into account that they must be comfortable and have a lot of space. Ideally, each chicken or hen would need one square meter in the covered shelter and 2 square meters of surface for grazing. The hens, in reality, are also well suited to smaller spaces, so much so that even amateur breeders dedicate one square meter of indoor space to the hens for every 4 birds.
Chicken coop and neighborhood
Your neighbors may not get along well with your chicken coop. The chicken coop, if not well maintained, can cause bad smells and problems with the neighborhood. Before starting work onconstruction of the chicken coopcalculate a reasonable distance from the boundary wall with adjacent properties. For more information, read the last paragraph dedicated toASL permits to raise chickens and hensand the rules to be respected with theneighborhood.
How to build a chicken coop with brick and concrete
- Dig the foundation, quiet, for yours DIY chicken coop a depth of 30 cm will suffice.
- Then fill the foundations with gravel, cover with a pour of concrete and wait for it to dry before proceeding with building the walls of the chicken coop.
- With perfectly dry concrete, raise the walls of the chicken coop on the foundations by at least 130 cm if you only need a hen shelter, about 2 meters if you want to make the chicken coop accessible to humans. For chicken coops of one meter, you will need to prepare an opening on the tin roof that will allow you to collect the eggs. In any case, hollow bricks are required for both the walls and the base.
- Place a cover plate on top of the hen house to be fixed with the appropriate nails. The sheets, in insulated sheet metal, are fixed with special nails, since they have a plastic part that follows the wave so as not to let the water penetrate.
- The wall must include an opening that will represent the access door for the hens (as well as for humans in the case of larger chicken coops).
- Inside the chicken coop baskets or boxes with hay should be placed at a height of at least fifty centimeters from the ground to allow the hens to lay their eggs.
- The posts should be positioned at the same height to allow the hens to sleep. Higher up goes the position of the rooster which tends to be higher and higher than the hens.
Fence for the pasture area
Chickens and hens can graze in your garden but they will need to be well protected.
To protect chickens from wild animals, it is preferable to build a fence at least 2 meters high and anchored in the ground for about thirty centimeters, to prevent wild animals from digging under.
The entire perimeter of the area intended for chickens is sufficient for the fence. Here's yours chicken coop, all you need to do is put the hens inside and take care of them.
The photo shows a brick chicken coop that does not need permits because the first brick layer was buried and filled with clayey soil. Avoid such a solution because, without foundations, it is easier for diseases and parasites to proliferate and penetrate the soil. An unhygienic and poorly ventilated environment will be created.
Raising chickens and hens
Will it be tiring to raise chickens and hens? Not very tiring but certainly the breeding of chickens and hens takes time. Once you have bought and settled the chickens, just feed them and provide fresh water, as well as clean the chicken coop every week and make sure the hens do not get disease.
Free-standing chicken coops, prefabricated in wood or metal
Those who have already abandoned the idea of do-it-yourself can take advantage of one of the many proposals on the market. Sure, i chicken shelters on the market are compact in size, so if you intend to keep more than 8 - 10 animals, it is best to proceed with the do-it-yourself, otherwise it is good to evaluate by going to a specialist shop or seeing the offers on the web.
To get an idea of prices and models, I would like to point out the Amazon page: Chicken coops and shelters for chickens.
To choose the size of thechicken coop, keep in mind that for every square meter of covered shelter you can raise no more than 4 hens.
Attention: permits, ASL and neighborhood
They are not necessary permissions to be requested from the ASL to start a small farm of chickens or laying hens if the quantity of animals to be raised is less than 10.
The only obligation is to keep the chicken coop in perfect hygienic conditions and to set it up at a distance of at least 10 meters from the neighbor's home.
For thechicken sheltersfrom support seen on this page, as well as those of wood, are not necessary permits to ask the municipality. Conversely, anyone who wants to build achicken coopin masonry, with concrete flooring, must carry out the usual signaling of the start of work to the municipality of residence or agree on any permits for building work.
To build a wooden chicken coop, we refer you to the page: wooden chicken coop.