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Horseradish, spicy root: properties and cultivation


Thehorseradish rustic, also known as horseradish orhorseradish, it's aplantherbaceous perennial of the Cruciferae, scientifically known as Armoracia rusticana, Cochlearia armoracia. Horseradish is grown for its spicy root.

Information on the horseradish plant, cultivation, planting, care and how to make horseradish sauce (horseradish or horseradish). Properties of spicy roots and extracted oil.

Horseradish or horseradish

In fact, the term kren or cren is used improperly to indicate the horseradish plant. The term horseradishis the name used to indicate the sauce which is obtained from the processing of horseradish roots.

Thehorseradish(or horseradish sauce) is widespread especially in Northern Italy so much so that it has become part of the culinary culture of the Triveneto. In Basilicata and central Italy, thehorseradish sauceit is known asrafanata

Horseradish sauce: recipe

How to make horseradish sauce? Each location has its own recipe. Here is the recipe for horseradish saucemost used in Northern Italy. With thehorseradish sauceyou can enrich sausages, boiled meats, roasts… even grilled vegetables.

Horseradish Sauce Recipe Ingredients:

  • 100 gr ofhorseradish root or horseradish
  • 80 ml of white vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon of sugar
  • a pinch of salt

Formake the horseradish sauceJust grate the fresh root, dilute it with vinegar, sugar and a pinch of salt.

You can replace all or part of the vinegar with sour cream. Ahorseradish sauce (sweeter) is prepared by mixing the beetroot puree and therootsgrate some horseradish.

Grated horseradish can also flavor cheeses such as ricotta!

The spicy roots of horseradish

Horseradish root

Thehorseradishit's aplantrustic and perennial with large, rough leaves with an intense green color. Thehorseradishreaches an average height of 50 cm, it is oneplantnative to central-eastern Europe but is commonly found incultivationfrom all over Europe, Asia and North America.

Thehorseradishit is grown for the root rhizome famous for its property and its use in the kitchen.

Cultivating horseradishin Italy it is possible, just take some small precautions: the plant does not like drought so during the months with little rain it will be necessary to proceed with appropriate irrigation. For practical reasons, thehorseradish, in Italy, it is cultivated as an annual and not a perennial plant.

For thecultivation of horseradishchoose well-drained and fertile soil.

Horseradish plant: sowing

When to sow horseradish? The best time for sowing is the month of February, sowing can be done in the open ground or in a controlled environment. Proceed with the sowing of horseradish in open ground only if the soil is sufficiently soft: for sowing in open ground you will have to prepare the soil a few months before.

When planting, choose a sunny or partial shade location. Thehorseradish seedlingsthey must be placed at a distance of 30 cm from each other, while between one row and the other there must be about 50 cm. The first flowers will appear in early summer, they are small white flowers with four petals arranged in a cross and gathered together in racemes.

Curiosity: other plants belonging to the same family as the horseradish (Crucifers) are cabbage, mustard, turnip and radish.

After about 4 weeks from sowing, the first seedlings to be planted are formed.

Grow horseradish roots

For thecultivation of horseradishit is advisable to fertilize the soil in autumn, with mature manure or ammonium sulphate.

Sixth of implant: 60 cm of space is required between one plant and another.

When to harvest horseradish? Therootsthey are harvested in autumn, when the leaves begin to dry out. Also in autumn it is possible to collect the strongest horseradish roots and set aside the thinnest roots for the new planting.

Horseradish is susceptible to fungal diseases such as downy mildew and the mosaic virus. To prevent disease, it is important to respect the distance between plants seen above.

Horseradish: properties

Among the main onespropertynutritionalof thehorseradishwe point out the high content ofC vitaminis B1 and a modest amount ofessential oilwhich varies from 0.5 to 1%.

Therehorseradish rootis rich in glucosinated compounds such as gluconasturtin, singroside and glucoclearin, if these names do not tell you anything, just think that through their hydrolysis you can obtain useful substances in the field of phytotherapy. As regards the caloric intake, it is estimated that every 100 grams of horseradish contains approximately 35 kcal.

Thehorseradishit is famous for its use in the kitchen but also inphytotherapythanks to histherapeutic properties.

There horseradish rootfinds use asnatural remedyin the treatment of rheumatism, bronchitis and other breathing difficulties. Innatural cosmeticsand in the field of folk medicine, thehorseradishit is used as a remedy against skin blemishes, herpes dermatoses and alopecia.

Otherstherapeutic propertiesthey see it used to stimulate diuresis, treat mild urinary tract infections and to aid digestion. It is no coincidence that the combination between thehorseradish sauceand fatty meats: horseradish would help the body digest the meal.

Horseradish root: contraindications

Thehorseradishit is contraindicated for those suffering from gastric problems, kidney problems, heartburn and ulcers. It is also not recommended for pregnant women.

Horseradish: roots and leaves

In addition to raw use (horseradish or horseradish sauce), horseradish can be eaten cooked. Sure, to make the most of thepropertyof thehorseradishit is recommended to use itraw.

In addition tospicy roots, the leaves of the horseradish can be consumed. If thehorseradish rootsthey are harvested in autumn, the leaves are harvested in spring. The side shoots are taken, the youngest leaves to be cut, boiled in boiling water for a couple of minutes and then sautéed and used as a side dish for any course.

Horseradish oil: benefits

Horseradish oil is very important: used as an antimicrobial. Horseradish essential oil contains compoundsallyl and 2-phenylethylene selenium oil. Horseradish oil has been recognized as antibacterial properties.

Recommended books on horseradish

An excellent book that illustrates both how to grow horseradish and the many uses in the food sector. For all information on the book, refer to the Amazon page: “Il Cren“.


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