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Thecayenne pepperit's acultivar of chilli very popular for its high degree of spiciness. Thecayenne pepperowes its name to the city of origin, the city of Cayenne, the departmental capital of French Guiana where this cultivar not only is it widespread but it is a typical ingredient of many dishes and sauces of the local food and wine tradition. In many countries theCayenne pepperbecame famous thanks to thecayenne pepper.
Also in Italy, theCayenne pepperit is normally grown and used dried and ground or fresh. Thecayenne pepperit is less popular in Italy but equally available in the "spice department" of supermarkets: it is prepared by finely grinding the chilli pepper to obtain a red powder known ascayenne pepper.
Cayenne pepper is also used as a herbal ingredient and is mentioned in Nicholas Culpeper's Complete Herbal, a treatise dating back to the 17th century.
Properties of the Cayenne pepper
The chilliCayenneit is rich in vitamin A, it also contains a fair amount of vitamins B6, E and C. Among its active ingredients and micronutrients we also mention riboflavin, potassium and manganese. For the other beneficial properties of cayenne pepper, we refer you to the pageHot pepper, properties.
Grow the cayenne pepper
TheCayenne pepperit can be planted anywhere here in Italy. It is a perennial plant in tropical and sub-tropical climates while with our Mediterranean climate it is cultivated as an annual plant. TheCayenne pepper, however, if properly protected from the cold, it can withstand the winter and give a new harvest during the following summer. To cultivate the cayenne pepper with an annual trend it is suggested to provide appropriate pruning.
For the ripening thecayenne pepperit takes about 100 days but remember that it is a fruitclimacteric, that is, that ripens even after being harvested.
As for the degree of spiciness of theCayenne pepper, is generally quoted between 30,000 and 50,000 units on the Scoville scale (to be clear it is very spicy, but there are also more spicy ones, let's say it is a 3.5 on a scale of 0 to 5) but its spiciness also depends on the amount of received sunlight, temperatures and rains.
Cayenne pepper prefers rich soil. Plants can grow up to about 60 - 120 cm in height so they should be planted at a distance of about one meter from each other and accompanied by a stake. Even for growing in pots, it is necessary to plant a support. For all other instructions, please refer to the articlehow to grow chilli.
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