How home compost is made: an easy and intuitive guide that will explain, step by step, how to make compost at home or in the garden. From the choice or creation of the composter, to the list of waste to be disposed of.
The composition of the municipal waste it varies slightly from city to city, however, in the data collected to date it is recorded that the most abundant component is the organic fraction: alone represents 35% of total waste and is the fraction that causes more problems in landfills. THEOrganic wastestored in landfills, they produce dangerous leachate, a liquid that pollutes the groundwater and forces expensive soil waterproofing works to collect it and send it to purification.
Therecycling of organic wasteit can happen in two ways:
Organic waste is made to lose part of the moisture (which is why it is also calledwet fraction). The partially dehydrated organic waste is sent to the incinerator for the production of electrical and thermal energy. Learn more about: Energy from waste.
THEOrganic wastethey go through a natural fermentation process lasting a few months. Thanks to the action of bacteria, iOrganic wastethey are transformed into fertile soil that can be used in agriculture or gardening. Most of the bags of fertile soil we buy to repot our ornamental plants come from there.
The process ofcompostingit can also be done in the home, on the balcony or in our garden (in this regard you can read our guide "How to make home composting"); for the composting we need a "composter", basically a well-ventilated bin in which to put the waste and the mowing that will then become fertilizer for our garden.
How home compost is made
As stated, formake compostwe need to get onecomposter, also called composteror again composter. Therecomposterit can be DIY made or purchased. Those who compost at home would do well to buy a sturdy compost bin that can retain sewage as much as possible. Those who want to set up a composter in the garden can take advantage of the heap system. Let's see in detailhow home compost is made!
How to manage the composter at home?
Making compost on the balcony or terrace is a difficult task: you have to be careful to dose the fractionhumidand the dry one in other words, the leftovers of food must be placed in the composter more sparingly so as to leave room for pruning products or lawn mowing. To choose the right size composter and to find out how home compost is made, we refer you to the article dedicated todomestic composter.
How to build a DIY garden composter?
The creation of a wooden composter is simple, just attach a series of interlocking boards or joists, for a minimum height of 1.20 m and a minimum width of 1 meter. Ace or joists must be spaced from each other by about one centimeter, so as to allow air to pass through the cracks. As an alternative to composter in wood just described, it is possible to build a homemade composter with a very tight mesh net, anchored on four poles. You can learn more about: How to make a composter.
Do you want to set up a heap composter?
Thereheap composteris the most practical example ofDIY composter. It is relatively easy to manage but it needs space. All the instructions for setting up and managing a heap composter can be found right on the pageHeap composter.
What do you put in the compost bin?
An excess of kitchen waste could cause bad odors, an excess of liquids or the emergence of larvae and worms, on the contrary, an excess of dry organic (foliage and other garden waste) could slow down the decomposition process and provide a refuge for rodents and other unwanted guests. The complete list of waste to be put into compost is contained in the article "What to compost".
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