When the graft is performed: period and techniques for grafting fruit trees, vines, tree species and ornamental plants. The best time for each type of graft and plant.
Wedge, omega, split, bud grafting ... There are really many types of grafting that can be operated ... for each techniquegraftingand for eachplant there is an ideal period. Today we will just try to seewhengrafting can be carried out while retaining the greatest chances of engraftment.
Theideal period to graft a plantis strictly connected to the vegetative cycle of the plant itself, to the question "when to graft a plant?” or "when is the graft done?", There is no generalized response. A universal period does not exist even if we go to see the broad categories: fruit plants, ornamental plants, vines, shrubs or tree species.
For this reason we offer you some summary tables that indicate thebest type of graftfor different plant species.
Best time to graft the Kiwi
For the Actinidia species (more commonly known as Kiwi), thegraftingrecommended is the one in Omega while the best time for rooting is from April to May.
How is when operate l'Graft with apricot?
From February to March with interlocking technique.
When to graft the sweet orange
Here thebest period for graftingit is spring and the recommended technique is interlocking.
Best time to graft the Chestnut
As for the sweet orange, also thegraftingchestnut should be performed with the interlocking technique. The best time to graft runs from May to June.
Best time for the grafting of the sweet cherry
For the cherry, the recommended period is between October and November, the best technique is the Omega one but there are excellent chances of taking root even with thegrafting interlocking. More information in our article dedicated to the grafting of the cherry tree.
When to graft a plant
Spring is the best time while the technique to be performed is the interlocking one. The same notions apply to the mandarin and the persimmon plant.
Best time to graft Apple and Walnut
For engage you can proceed with an apple tree between February and March and the best technique is the interlocking one. The same notions also apply to a walnut tree.
How and when to graft a screw
The debate between the best technique forengagea vine is very lit, it seems that greater chances of engraftment occur with thegraftingomega and interlocking. Without a doubt, thebest timeto operate thisgraftingoccurs in late winter.
Speaking ofgraftsfor the propagation of ornamental plants of the Arboreal type, we can say that the best technique is the interlocking one while the periods go from March and April for the Maple, February and April for the Magnolia while spring is perfect forengageBirch, Eucalyptus and Beech.
For common ornamental shrub plants such as Camellia, Rose and Gardenia, the best time toengageit's spring. These plants dograftwith the interlocking technique, the Rose can beengagedalso with the Omega technique.
How to increase the chances of engraftment
To increase the margin of success of the grafting, in addition to choosing the ideal period for the plant, it is possible to use a product based on elastic resins and healing substances such as mastic for grafts.
There are many such products on the market, the ideal would be to use a ready-to-use one that at the same time can carry out a protective and healing action, can accelerate the healing process and encourage the graft to take root.
When buying, choose a high-yield mastic, perhaps which in the formulation contains cupric substances or other compounds capable of protecting the cut from attack by parasites.
In general, the mastics for grafting are universal, that is, suitable both for grafting on fruit trees and for grafting on ornamental plants. The cost for a half-kilo jar can vary greatly depending on the brand. A large number of plants can be grafted with a single jar: at the time of application it will be spread by hand or even brushed. To make it last over time, it will be necessary to seal the product well and always spread it with brushes or properly cleaned tools.
Graft without mastic
Is it possible to make a graft without mastic?
Yes, indeed, grafting without mastic is very possible especially for those plants with a high chance of taking root. In fact, amastic for graftsit is nothing more than a dense substance that forms a protective film designed to isolate the cut of the plant from the external environment. Once dry, the film easily adapts to all the movements of the plants without cracking, preserving its characteristics over time.
Who wants to operate a grafting without mastic just in order to save money, he can instead make a graft using a DIY compound. All instructions are contained in the articleDIY grafting putty.
As is clear, we have devoted a great deal of pages to Grafting of fruit trees, this is because the techniques are different and nothing must be left to chance, starting with the cut. To increase the chances of taking root, in addition to the use of a stimulating mastic, it is necessary to make a clean, clean cut without burrs.
An unclear cut could cause suffering to the plant and compromise the success of the entire operation. This is why it is recommended to use well-sharpened knives or scissors designed for omega or gem cutting ... The use of the grafting knife is recommended only for those with great practicality and experience. To facilitate the entire operation, also i sector professionals now they use special grafting scissors.
Grafting scissors are not expensive and on the market there are exclusive ones for a type of cut or more versatile ones, with interchangeable blades and therefore adaptable to make different types of grafting.
For the purchase you can go to your reference garden center or take advantage of the online purchase. Among the various purchase proposals, we point out the one with the best value for money.
- Professional grafting scissors - “Tink-sky Professional” - Price 29.99 euros with free shipping costs.
These are grafting scissors made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants).
These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant.
The product described can be bought on Amazon at a price of 29.99 euros with free shipping costs. For all information, please refer to the official product page:professional grafting scissors Tink-sky Professional.
Update on available products
Also on Amazon there is no shortage of grafting scissors from 15.99 euros (always with free shipping) with the same characteristics seen previously. For the description of the product, please refer to the official page: multipurpose grafting scissors.
How to graft a fruit tree
- Choose rootstock and scion
- Adjust the scissors to the type of cut (and graft) desired
- Cut the scion and the branch of the rootstock where you want to plant the scion
- Join the scion to the rootstock by adding mastic
- Seal with raffia or grafting tape.