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Treating sheep diseases


Diseases of sheep such as brucellosis, theblue tongue, echinococcosis, coenurosis and scrapie cannot be treated by the breeder but there are some sheep diseases equally widespread that they can be treated, at least in part, independently.

In the articleDiseases of sheep we have seen how to treat and prevent ecthyma and footpad, sheep diseases very common and highly contagious. Today we will see how to prevent and treat mastitis and ruminal block.

Treating sheep diseases, mastitis

It affects the breasts that appear painful, hard and hot. The milk produced by sheepaffected by mastitis can be changed both in terms of texture, color and smell and cannot be consumed. By mastitis we mean an inflammatory process that can change both the tissues and the secretions (milk). Mastitis is one disease very common that attacks the herds ofdairy sheep. Mastitis is often the result of breeder mistakes such as:
- incorrect power supply
- trauma to the udder due to bad milking practices
- poor hygiene in the farm
- badly stuffed litter boxes

Mastitis requires intervention in the early stages of the disease. The first thing to do is understand what behavior triggered the mastitis and correct it. It is then necessary to milk the udder at least 4-5 times a day and feed the animal exclusively with coarse hay and induced to drink as much as possible, even if this means giving water forcibly with a large syringe or bottle with a long and narrow neck. Clay and vinegar compresses should be operated on the affected breast in order to promote the healing process, the clay should be moistened often because it dries up in a few hours. If your mastitis does not improve within 24 hours you should call your vet.

Treating sheep diseases, ruminal block

This is not a real onediseasebut if not recognized and treated it can lead the animal to death. Rumen block usually occurs when thesheepthey have grazed for too long in land where the threshing of corn, barley or other cereals has left appetizing residues, or if the animal has managed to access the feed depot. In other words, it occurs when thesheepingest an excessive amount of food.

The first alarm bell is when the sheep he turns his head insistently towards the left side, a manifestation of ruminal pain. In addition, rumen movements appear reduced in frequency: the farmer can place his hand or ear on the pit of the left side and perceive, every minute, a gurgle similar to a glimpse of water accompanied by a swelling.

Theresheep may appear apathetic and in an advanced stage may remain motionless with the spread resting on the left side. To cure this condition one should try to walk thesheepas much as possible (a few minutes every hour) and making him ingest some coarse hay.

It may be useful to administer to the animal (via syringe without needle or bottle) 50 grams of magnesium hydroxide dissolved in 1 liter of hot water. When thesheepwill have ingested the solution, a vigorous rumen massage must be performed and a vegetable ruminative must then be administered (purchased from pharmacies that market veterinary products).

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