On medium and large trees the thinning pruning is the classic pruning autumnal which consists in the elimination of excess branches to give the foliage a slimmer and lighter shape. Thin out the branches it helps the tree's health, it allows them to lignify young wood and to bear fruit at its best in the following season.
Thinning pruning: how do you proceed? Attention should be paid above all to the internal branches, which must be thinned and eliminated if they grow oblique towards the center. With a well-sharpened right tool - consider an electric garden lopper - cut the branch as close as possible to the insertion with the branch or the main branch and clean the wound. Make sure that the cut does not lend itself to stagnation of water.
Once the foliage has been thinned out sufficiently, you can even the branches to make the result uniform. It is certainly best to practice the pruning above a young spurt, which will ensure the continuity of the branch and future development. We said the thinning pruning it is practiced on large trees and these precautions are very important.
In November-December, which is the period of the thinning pruning, you can also prune wisteria and evergreens, such as fir, cypress, pine and hedge shrubs. If pruned well during this period, in spring they will respond by emitting new vegetation even in the lower part of the stem. In short, it is a useful intervention to reinvigorate plants.
For the wisteria pruning, in areas where winter is very cold it is best to wait until the end of February. Pruning consists in shortening all the branches by one year, leaving only 4-6 buds (about 15 cm). All broken or weak branches and suckers that have formed at the base of the plant must also be eliminated. If you want to lengthen the specimen, you must leave a suitable branch by tying it in the desired shape and directions.
Turn pruning residues into fertilizer. A nice idea, and a great convenience, is to transform the cut branches into compost. With an electric garden shredder, easy to handle and usable without having to fiddle with fuels, it is also possible to shred medium-sized branches and transform them into fertilizer for the vegetable garden, lawn or the plants themselves. Do-it-yourself compost and stop the exhausting trips to landfills.