Read your electricity bill on the second and third page it means delving into the mechanisms for reading consumption and the items that make up the final price of electricity. Remember that only about 40% of what you pay in your bill is actually the electricity you consume (total sales services of the summary of the fees on the first page), the rest are taxes and fixed items that apply to everyone.
The first thing that allows you to understand page two is whether the bill you are reading is for a one reading detected or to one self-reading. The indication can be found in a column of the 'readings and consumption' table.
There reading detected is the number that appears on the meter display at a certain date that has been directly detected by the distributor and communicated by this to the supplier. L'self-reading is the number that appears on the meter display on a certain date, which has been detected by the customer and communicated by him to the supplier.
Attention: the 'readings and consumption' framework summarizes the energy consumption (measured or self-read) but it does not necessarily mean that they coincide with the billed consumption.
THE consumption detected are the kWh consumed between two readings taken (or self-readings). They are therefore equal to the difference between the numbers indicated by the meter display at the time of the last reading detected (or self-reading) and the numbers indicated by the display at the time of the previous reading detected (or self-reading). Estimated consumption is the consumption that is attributed, in the absence of detected readings (or self-readings), on the basis of the best estimates of the customer's historical consumption available to the supplier.
THE consumption billed are the kWh billed in the bill for the relevant period. It is possible that there is a difference between the recorded consumption and the billed consumption: this difference may depend on the fact that estimated consumption is added to the measured consumption. For example, if the meter was read on March 31 and April 30 and the consumptions refer to the period April 1 - May 20, the consumption from April 1 to April 30 will be measured while the consumption for the 20 days of May will be estimated. The billed consumption will be the sum of the two (detected + estimated).
On page 2, in the reading and consumption section, the Yearly consumption (total and divided by bands), based on available readings covering a period of 12 months or the best possible estimate. For each billed month, the actual consumption is reported divided into bands, with an indication of the percentage of consumption in F1 hours (at higher cost) and in F2 / F3 (at lower cost).
The bands of electricity consumption: F1 F2 F3
- Domestic users: F1 = from 8 to 19 on weekdays; F2F3 = from 7pm to 7am on weekdays, Sundays and public holidays.
- Business users: F1 = from 8 to 19 on weekdays; F2 = from 7 to 8 and from 19 to 23 (Saturdays from 7 to 23); F3 = from 11pm to 7am, Sunday and public holidays.
From the summary of the fees shown on the first page of the bill, it is understood that the AEEG has decided to divide the cost of the electricity supply service into 4 main components: sales services; network services; the taxes; charges other than supply (if any).
THE selling services. This item includes the costs incurred by the seller for the purchase and sale of electricity to the customer. The sales services include a fixed quota (independent of consumption) and an energy quota (to be paid in relation to the quantity of energy consumed). In the free market, the costs of the sales service are established in the contract signed by the customer; for the enhanced protection market, they are defined and updated every quarter by the Energy Authority, taking into account the trend in international hydrocarbon (oil and gas) prices. Some items appear in the sales services: fixed quota, dispatching, Energy quota (consumption in bands F1, F2, F3), network losses.
- Dispatching. Electricity cannot be stored: the balance between supply and demand must be maintained at any time. This phenomenon gives rise to an additional cost in the electricity bills defined as 'dispatching cost'.
- Network losses. In the transport of energy from the generation site to the customer's site, the energy suffers from grid losses which are flat rate (10.4% of the energy produced in low voltage and 4.0% in medium voltage). This phenomenon gives rise to an additional cost in the energy share of electricity bills.
THE network services are the costs incurred by the Distributor for transporting energy on the network (nationally and locally) to the meter, for reading consumption and for financing the National Electricity System. They provide for a 'fixed share', a 'power share' (to be paid in proportion to the power used) and an 'energy share' (proportional to consumption). The rates applied are established by the Authority with uniform criteria for the entire national territory.
The voice taxes. This item includes consumption tax, excise duty and any additional municipal and provincial taxes. Taxes are applied to the amount of energy consumed and provide for a reduction in the amount for domestic customers in the event of low consumption.
The charges other than supply include all items not directly related to the supply of electricity: for example for the installation / removal of the meter, the modification of power, rounding, etc.
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