How to care for roses in the fall and in spring: tips for the care to be dedicated to roses in autumn and spring, from treatments to pruning.
Rose in autumn
During the'Autumn, therosethey do not give more big blooms even if roses like thebotanicalsor lewrinkled, add a touch of color to the garden and give small rosehips (fruit trees) of different shapes, sizes and shades (see photo above).
Caring for roses in the fallallows us to obtain healthy shrubs and even more luxuriant blooms. The cures that we will describe in this article are suitable for all types of roses, fromremontant more modern to the most classic botanicals.
When to plant roses
When to plant new roses? Autumn and spring share similar climatic situations so they find themselves the best times to plant new roses.
L'Autumn and spring represent the best time forplantingof new plants. The autumn rains, as well as those spring rains, help the rooting of the shrubs.
When planted in the fall, the roses will be ready for a new flowering in spring. Those who plant roses in spring must act soon and, if the roses are re-flowering, you can see a good number of blooms in the following months. Any tips on theplanting of roses, are available in the article "Growing Roses".
How to protect roses from the cold: how to care for roses in autumn and winter
Therosethey are very resistant to cold and therefore do not require complex protections, however, in those areas where the cold persists for many weeks, it is recommended to protect the roots and grafting point.
For protect roses from the cold in winter, we suggest repairing the graft point of the sapling rosebushes with straw.
For protect roses from the cold, prepare a 6 - 8 cm thick layer of natural material at the base of the shrubs that can act as a mild insulator: a mixture of mature manure and compost or a mixture of dried manure mixed with compost and covered with dry leaves or bark.
Before adding the layer of insulation, with a small rake, remove any debris and foliage that could harbor parasitic fungal spores.
- This same suggestion is also very valid when it comes to treating roses grown in pots.
When to prune roses? The best time is autumn or spring
If you are wondering how and when to prune roses, theAutumnit is the right season only for those who live in southern Italy.
For the Center it is better to postpone any intervention bypruningbetween the end of winter and the beginning of spring. Those who live in the north of Italy will be able to prune the rosesin spring, when the risk of late frosts has passed.
Frosts, in fact, could damage the freshly cut shrub, facilitating the onset of diseases and parasites through the cuts not yet healed.
How to prune roses
In autumn or spring, just eliminate dry, broken or sick branches and shorten those that are too long that could break due to wind or strong hail.
How to protect roses from wind and snow
The precautions suggested in the paragraphhow to protect roses from the cold, are sufficient for the protection of the plant and the root system but there are other damages that hail and snow can cause torose.
To prevent damage to the branches of theclimbing roses, in case of heavy snow, shake them gently using a soft broom, a stick covered at the tip with honeycomb plastic or with simple rags.
Remember to renew the bindings to the stakes of the sapling roses and those that fix the branches of the climbing roses: the rain could wear them down in no time.
Wind is the enemynumber 1of all plants, including roses.
Growing roses, spring care
For now we have explained to you when and how to prune roses, when and how to plant roses and above all how to protect roses from the cold. In this paragraph we will focus on care to dedicate to roses in spring.
Every year, starting in spring, when temperatures start to rise, it is important to start providing the right nutrients to support the vegetative growth of roses.
The most suitable fertilizers for roses are those that provide:
- Nitrogen (N)
- Phosphorus (P)
- Potassium (K)
- Iron (Fe)
- Manganese (Mn)
Manganese, iron and potassium strongly support the flowering of roses while nitrogen and phosphorus support green tissues.
Among the fertilizers that provide the mentioned nutrients in a balanced way, we point out the granular fertilizer for rosesToprose. This fertilizer, to the listed nutrients, addsnatural activatorswhich increase the development of roots and buds. It can be used both for roses in pots and for roses in the ground. On Amazon, this fertilizer is offered by Bayer at a price of 17.65 euros with free shipping costs.
For all information: Toprose granular fertilizer
It is a slow-release and above all long-lasting fertilizer.
Rose leaking leaves
If the rose is losing all its leaves, it almost certainly needs fertilization: it is the lack of manganese and iron that induces a premature fall of the leaves.
For more information: diseases of roses
Roses with yellow leaves
If you notice that the leaf plate of the roses starts to turn yellow (roses with yellow leaves) while the leaf veins are still green, it is certainly an iron deficiency. The yellowed leaves gradually turn white.