As already mentioned in the article dedicated tomeaning of permacultureIn practical terms, the principles of permaculture can be applied to the terrace of the house, to the garden and to the design of a domestic vegetable garden, as well as to isolated houses, rural villages or larger urban settlements.
In permaculture there are no standard cultivation methods. Like all practical solutions adopted in permaculture, even when it comes to design of a home garden cultivation methods vary according to the cultural and environmental context.
To design a vegetable garden according to the principles ofpermaculture, it will be enough to use methods that have the common goal of protecting the soil and restoring, from cultivation to cultivation, the native fertility of the soil in a natural way. That is why it is advisable to follow the methods of synergistic agriculture, biodynamic agriculture or natural agriculture in Fukuka.
Who has a home garden and wants to follow the principles ofpermaculture, could adopt poultry, especially chickens. One of the most used concepts, in fact, is the chicken tractor: the hens, left to graze, scratching free (or in special mobile structures) are able to keep the vegetation constant at a low level. In this regard, we recommend that you read the dedicated articleGround hens rearing. A form of has also developed over timevegan permaculturewhich does not “use” animals but among the ethical foundations is addedcare for animals.
Therepermaculturedoes not provide for row cultivation, in fact at first sight a permaculture garden appears almost chaotic but nothing is left to chance: aromatic herbs and salads must be as accessible as possible and grown in the immediate vicinity of the house, furthermore borders can be made with celery, garlic, fennel or onions. Large flower beds are for those long-maturing, concentrated harvest species such as potatoes, leeks and pumpkins.
Climbing plants can be grown on trellises, pre-existing fences or pergolas in order to optimize space. The plants that lend themselves to being placed on racks are climbing beans, passion flower, pumpkins (supporting the fruits in nets), cucumbers and many others.
Those with enough space could consider a relaxation area, perhaps set up with a body of water: a small pond could attract insect predatory frogs and salamanders, transforming itself into a complex functional ecosystem for the protection of the vegetable garden.
You may also be interested in: Biodynamic horticulture
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