The objectives of energy efficiency set by Italy for 2020 are contained in Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. The PAEEsigned in 2014 it contains, in addition to the indications for the achievement of the objectives, also the results obtained throughout 2012.
Starting from the results, it is nice to know that Italy in 2014 is one of the largest countries energy efficiency across the eurozone. Primary energy intensity, which is the ratio between energy needs in ktoe and GDP and millions of euros, is 19% lower in our country than the EU average (source PAEE 2014).
Furthermore, in recent years final energy consumption has decreased, and not only as a consequence of the economic crisis. The increase in the efficiency of electricity generation and the energy savings achieved due to tax deductions, white certificates, the adoption of minimum requirements for energy efficiency for buildings and equipment and other measures contained in the Action Plan.
The combined combination of these things allowed Italy to get second place in 2013 in the ranking of the most advanced world economies in terms of energy efficiency. In front of us there is only Germany, behind the United Kingdom which, however, we have overtaken compared to 2012.
Even in terms of technological advancement, Italy in 2014 is doing well. We are the first country in the world in the diffusion of smart-metering systems (remote reading and monitoring of light, gas and water) which are an important part in the management-reduction of energy needs. And we can count on a generation park with gas combined cycle plants (CCGT) among the most efficient.
The picture is complete if we consider that in Italy the energy sector represents an important segment of the national production system, with 470 thousand employees (2012 data), 36 thousand new employees (this data refers to hires in 2011) and excellent job prospects.
The competitiveness of Italy is recognized internationally both in the renewable energy segment (concentrated solar, thermal renewables and energy efficiency) and in the traditional ones of the gas supply chain and hydrocarbon exploration-production.
The energy efficiency targets for 2020
In 2012, Italy had a primary energy consumption of 163.05 Mtoe (million tons of oil equivalent) divided as follows:
- industry 29.31 Mtoe (30.13 in 2011)
- transport 39.45 Mtoe (41.82)
- residential 31.33 Mtoe (31.32)
- services 15.93 Mtoe (15.75)
- agriculture 2.63 Mtoe (2.70)
- bunkering 0.16 Mtoe (0.15)
The goal for 2020 is to arrive with theenergy efficiency to realize the following savings:
- residential -5.14 Mtoe
- tertiary sector -1.72 Mtoe (-0.80 from the PA and -0.92 from the private sector)
- industry -7.14 Mtoe
- transport -6.06 Mtoe
Less energy consumed also means less pollution. Translating into practice i energy savings above (which are the objective of the EEP), Italy will be able to reduce its CO2 emissions into the atmosphere by 50-55 million tons / year.
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