How to grow radishesin pots and in the garden. Instructions and advice on the cultivation of radish and its properties (nutritional values).
If you don't have a green thumb but love a vegetable garden, you can start with plants that offer great satisfaction with little effort. This is the case with the radish, a vegetable with which you can prepare tasty salads and more. THE radishes they don't need much space, they can grow in pots on the balcony or in the open ground in the vegetable garden. They generally stand out round radishes and stretched out.
There are varieties that have a very fast growth: in less than a month from sowing they can be ready to bring to the table. Let's see in detail how to grow radishes following our directions, but first let's make an overview of yoursnutritional properties.
Is called radishbut in some regions it is also known by the names ofrafanèllo e rapanèllo. It has antioxidant, purifying and moisturizing properties. here are thenutritional valuesreferring to 100 gr of product.
Calories: 16 kcal
- Carbohydrates: 3.4 g
- Fats: 0.1
- Proteins: 0.68
- Vitamin B1: 0.012 mg
- Riboflavin (B2): 0.039 mg
- Niacin or Vitamin PP: 0.254 mg
- Pantothenic acid (B5): 0.165 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.071 mg
- Vitamin B9: 25 μg
- Vitamin C: 14.8 mg
- Calcium: 25 mg
- Iron: 0.34 mg
- Magnesium: 10 mg
- Manganese: 0.069 mg
- Phosphorus: 20 mg
- Potassium: 233 mg
- Zinc: 0.28 mg
Water: 95.3 g
Radish is among the least calorie foods. It provides a moderate content of Vitamin C and it is a root with a significant water component. It does not provide fat and contains a small amount of protein.
How to grow radishes
There are several varieties, thepurple radish, the yellow radish and the classic round red radishor stretched. The white radish we know it as daikon. There is also a black variety (black radish) and a variety known as "watermelon" due to the typical color of the pulp inside the root that resembles a watermelon.
For the seeds of the different radish varieties, to be grown in pots or in the garden, you can contact your trusted agricultural consortium or, for a quick view, "this Amazon page" is available with a very varied selection of radish varieties ( yellow, white, purple, long-rooted ...).
The sowing period can change according to the variety. For the classicradish or red radish, thesowingit can take place until late summer, in the open ground.
All radishes shouldsowin the waning moon phase. It should be noted that some varieties follow a different timing of ripening: the black radish, for example, yes sowing in July and ripens in autumn.
How to sow radish?
For the sowingin the open ground as well as in pot, drill holes about half a centimeter away from each other, add a couple of seeds for each hole. Cover the surface with a little earth and water gently with the help of a spray bottle.
that's how grow radishes:
- Prefer loose and well-drained soils, with a good percentage of potassium and less nitrogen. Potassium is essential for edible root development. Beware of massive fertilizations, an excess of nitrogen could lead to the production of more leaves than fruits.
- The land used for the radish cultivationit must be light because in heavy ones the radishes will tend to become too spicy. If the radish flavor is strong, the cause is related to soil quality and poor irrigation.
- Prefer cool, humid growing environments.
- As far as exposure is concerned, radishes should be placed in partial shade.
- Irrigation must be abundant, even more so if it is onecultivation of radish in pots and performed in hot and dry periods of the year.
On the principle of intercropping, plant radishes next to cabbage, spinach, carrots, peas and tomatoes. Lettuce, in particular, is able to make it less pungent and tastier
How to grow potted radishes
For the cultivation of radishes in pots, the container should be about 20 cm deep and filled with good light and fertile soil. Thecareto devote to plants do not change.
Too spicy radish: why does it happen?
Several factors can affect the flavor of theradish. If this is "strong" or "spicy", it is advisable to modify the composition of the soil by carrying out a deep dig and adding soil improvers.
Make sure that the radish gets the right amount of water by irrigation.
On average, radishes ripen just over a month after sowing: they must be harvested as soon as they are ripe, otherwise they tend to harden and acquire a spicy flavor.
Daikon or Japanese radish
In Japanese, the termdaikon, literally means "big root". The botanical name of thedaikonisRaphanus sativus (var.longipinnatus or niger,the two terms are synonymous). It is a variety of the common radish so much that it also comesChinese radish, Japanese radishor winter radish (for the period of planting and harvesting).
Who intends to cultivate theradishJapanese can consult our guide: how to grow Daikon.