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Succulent plant propagation: lefat plantsthey propagate easily, many produce seeds, others prefer to be "reproduced" by cuttings ... in any case, the procedure is always simple to implement.
Succulent plant propagation, by seed
Somefat plants, such as the widespread onesmammillaries, they easily produce seeds that can be used forcultivationof new plants. THEseedssucculent plants must be handled with care: they are very small!
After flowering, collect the seeds or buy them from a specialist dealer.
- Fill a tray (or a box with holes in the seabed) with very draining soil composed of 40-60% of volcanic lapilli and free from dusty parts.
- Use a sieve with 2-3 mm mesh to create a surface bed of lapillus only with a thickness of about 3-4 mm. At this point you can sow.
- Do not cover the seeds, rather press the surface lightly with the help of your hands.
- Irrigate moderately with water in which the fungicide is dissolved (pay attention that fungicides are often irritating).
- Cover the tray with a glass plate and place it in a bright place but not in direct sunlight.
- To favor germination, the temperature must be at least 20-25 ° C and the soil must be kept moderately moist.
- The seedlings will sprout at varying times depending on the species, usually 1-2 weeks are enough. In the case of mammillaries, the plants will be beautiful and ready for the final repotting after about 12-24 months from sowing.
Succulent plant propagation, by cuttings
Much more immediate is thepropagationof thesucculent plantsforcutting. To handle thefat plantsand perform a cutting, you can wear thick garden gloves or simply handle the plant with a fairly rigid cardboard or special plastic pliers. Here is how to proceed:
- make the cut transversely and place the cutting just obtained in a dry and ventilated place: the cutting must dry for about 2 weeks.
- After the “rest” period, the cut will have “healed”: a callus will have formed to prevent the appearance of harmful rot.
- After two weeks it will be possible to continue with the planting of the cutting.
When to propagate by cuttings?
Spring is the ideal period but it all depends on the climatic situation of your territory. In the case of species that produce milky sap, such as Mammillaria kebergiana and Mammillaria microthele, thepropagation by cuttingsit should be performed only in the vegetative period.
Succulent plant propagation, the simplest way
Many succulent plants produce small seedlings at their base, in this case the "little ones" are simply detached (with the help of a scoop) and rooted in a jar of about 6 cm in diameter.