Red beets, properties and benefits. The use of beetroot as a food coloring.
Red beards, beets, beets ...
Red beets, red beards, red carrots ... are names of regional derivation all referring tored turnips. The aerial part of the plant, i.e. the leaves, are edible and are named afterbeets or beets.
Thered beetsthey are a bright red tuber given by the pigmentbetanine.
Beets or beetroot, nutritional values
Thered beetsthey contain very few calories, nutritional estimates refer to the value of 43calories for every 100 grams of product. This low-calorie food is made up of 87.58 percent water, provides carbohydrates, fiber, proteins and, to a minimum, fats.
Therebeetrootit is a root and as such acts as a large storehouse of mineral salts, wisely absorbed by the soil, we are talking about potassium, iron, calcium, phosphorus and sodium. There is no shortage of vitamins that play a leading role in the composition of the vegetable, among many stand out vitamin C, vitamin A and vitamins B1, B2 and B3. In detail, here is thenutritional values of beetroot, referring to 100 grams of food.
Calories: 43 kcal
- Carbohydrates: 9.56 g
of which, from fibers 2.8 g. from sugars, 6.76 g
- Fat: 0.17 g.
- Protein: 1.61 g.
- Vitamin A: 2 μg
- Beta carotene: 20 μg
Vitamin B1 or thiamine: 0.31 mg
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin: 0.04 mg
- Vitamin B5, Pantothenic Acid: 0.155 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.067 mg
- Vitamin B9 or folic acid: 109 μg
- Vitamin C: 4.9 mg
- Calcium: 16 mg
- Iron: 0.8 mg
- Magnesium: 23 mg
- Manganese: 0.329 mg
- Phosphorus: 40 mg
- Potassium: 325 mg
- Sodium: 78 mg
- Zinc: 0.35 mg
Water: 87.58 g
The composition of a food is not given only by what we call “micro- and macro-nutrients”. Thebeneficial propertiesof thebeetrootthey are connected to some substances extracted and exploited in phytotherapy and natural cosmetics, we are talking about saponins, anthocyanins, flavonoids and allantoins in general. These are substances with moisturizing, detoxifying, anti-reddening and antioxidant properties.
According to the magazineInternationa Journal of Cancer, thebeetrootmight have big potential likeanti-cancer food. In particular, the article published by the aforementioned magazine includes thebeetrootamonganti-cancer foodseffective in the prevention of colon cancer, according to other authors, thered turnipsthey would be able not only to prevent cancer but also to fight it.
Thebeneficial propertiesof thebeetrootthey are numerous, for the most part we talk about purifying and refreshing actions.
His only contraindication lies in the high amount of mineral salts that make thebeetrootnot very suitable in cases of kidney stones, especially due to the richness of oxalates. Given the modest sugar content, consumption is not recommended for diabetics.
Conversely, the consumption ofbeetrootis highly recommended toanemic, it seems that the chemicals present in the tuber are capable of balance iron levels in the blood by revitalizing red blood cells.
Red beets in the kitchen
Of thered turnipsboth the root and the leaves are consumed. The leaves are heart-shaped and, in cooking, are known asbeets or beets. According to the cultivation needs, it is possible to choosered beetswhich have a greater propensity for root or leaf development, just as with parsley. Not everyone knows this but ... parsley too has an edible root and parsley root can be grown together with the leaves.
Beetroot as a food coloring
The fleshy root of thebeetrootit can be used in the kitchen as a natural colorant. With thebeetrootin fact, it is possible to color doughs, baked goods and pasta.
To color thepastaof purple / red, you will need these ingredients:
- 300 grams of flour
- 60 grams of pre-cooked and pureed red beets
- 1 pinch of salt
- lukewarm water as required
"Water as required"it means you will need to use enough water to incorporate all the flour. For this reason, the water must be added in small doses to obtain a mixture with the typical consistency of fresh pasta to be spread.
Red turnips or beetroot, cultivation
Therebeetrootit is a tuber native to European countries and North Africa so it can be easily grown in all areas of the Mediterranean. Thered beetsdo not require special conditions cultivation: this plant prefers slightly acid and clayey soils but adapts well to any type of soil. For all information, I refer you to the specific guide:how to grow turnips.
Red beet and sugar beet
For the extraction of sugar another variety ofbeet. Its roots contain high concentrations of sucrose.