How to grow a hedge: from the choice of hedge plants to planting. How to calculate the number of plants needed and prepare the soil.
Thehedgesthey trace property boundaries, follow paths, avenues, improve privacy, outline well-defined areas or even become the focal point of a garden. To manage toplantisgrow a hedgein your garden is a small business that can make the difference between a well-organized garden and a garden that, on the surface, is less well-kept.
Which hedge plant to choose
Before you understand how to plant and grow a hedgeyou have to understand where you want to start from. There are manyhedge plantsand in the choice you have to take into account several factors.
In principle it will be necessary choose a hedge plants disease resistant and adapted to the characteristics of your soil.
There areplants from hedgessuitable for saline soil (useful for those who live near the sea), fast, moderate or slow growing hedge plants.
Grow a hedge given by plants Fast growing means being able to have a very tall hedge in a short time but it also means commitment and perseverance. Fast growing hedge plants will save you money immediately because you can buy small and underdeveloped plants and get, in a short time, a tall and full hedge.
On the other hand, you will then have to take on more frequent maintenance work. On the contrary, one hedge slow-growing, it certainly will be alow maintenancebut at the time of the first plant, for an optimal result in the short term, you will be forced to buy plants to be planted already full and well developed.
Here are some examples ofhedge plants:
- Piracanta hedge
- Privet, tree and hedge
- Hornbeam hedge
- Cherry laurel hedge
- Willow hedge
- Cypress hedge
- Viburnum hedge
- Photinia hedge
Formal hedge or informal hedge
Furthermore, the desired style must be considered: do you want a formal hedge or are you satisfied with something particular? Maybe to create plays of color that can change from season to season?
Both formal and informal hedges are made from the same plant (same species) but in the informal hedge you can leave room for different varieties.
The formal hedges they consist of only one variety. The informal hedges are given by several varieties, perhaps with different shades of flowers or the color and shape of the leaves. For example, with oleander, it is possible to compose hedges with colors ranging from light gray to intense green based on the varieties chosen. It is even possiblegrow a hedgewith different shrubs to create magical effects in the composition of fences.
Forgrow a hedgeyou will need plants to plant. The number of plants depends on the area to be covered and the variety chosen. In addition, you will need the classic gardening tools, namely a spade for digging the plant holes, a pump for the water connection, gloves ... you will also need fertilizer.
How to grow a hedge, the steps
Here are the instructions for thecultivation of the hedge: fromplanting until maintenance.
Prepare the ground for later plant the hedge
Soil preparation is done much earlier. You can plant organic fertilizers to meet the nutritional needs of the hedge plants you intend to grow.
Draw the line for the planting of hedge plants
With a pole and string, mark the line (straight or curved) of the implant. Remember that thehedgeit will need irrigation so it should not be too far from the water supply.
Calculate the space and the number of plants necessary to achieve the hedge in the garden
Depending on the variety chosen, leave the appropriate space between one plant and another. Even if you buy small plants, do not put them together: the space to be left must be calculated based on the development of the crown when fully ripe. For a thicker, thicker coverage, arrange the plants in two rows.
Mark the planting points and dig the holes for planting of hedge plants
Use the pot to mark the planting points and with the help of a small spade, remove the soil: the depth of the hole must correspond to the height of the pot.
How to plant the hedge
Remove the plants from the pots and proceed with the planting. Check, once again, the distance between the plants so that they can reach maximum development. With the soil removed from the holes, fill in the empty spaces left by the plant.
Irrigation and mulching
Irrigation should be done a couple of days later from the plant when you continue to lay a layer of mulch to protect the soil and plants.