If you have enough space in the garden and some cultural knowledge you can start to try your hand at growing vegetables and fruits that need some extra attention such as melon, a typically summer fruit rich in vitamin C. In this regard we will show you all the indications for the cultivation of melon.
Melon cultivation, planting
The seeds are usually planted in seedbeds at the end of March or directly in the ground as soon as the temperatures allow. Already in June, however, you can also find the plants already grown in nurseries and specialized sales points; they are seedlings that must be planted as soon as they produce at least five leaves. How to proceed with the planting? Respect a distance of about 60 centimeters between one plant and another and cover the collar of the plants well. Water just after planting, but without creating stagnant water. As soon as the melon seedlings begin to grow, irrigated abundantly and regularly, taking care to wet only the earth and not the leaves: otherwise attacks of parasites and fungal diseases could occur. Slightly reduce the amount of water only when the fruits are close to ripening, in order to make the pulp more concentrated and sweet.
Melon cultivation, sowing
If, on the other hand, you decide to start from the seed, you will have to create holes about 2-3 cm deep, always with a good interval. When the plants sprout, you will have to thin out to leave the right breath for each one.
Melon cultivation, useful information
- Before sowing or planting, work and prepare the soil, digging the earth well and eliminating weeds
- Apply a good organic fertilizer
- Make sure that the soil has good drainage: if the water were to stagnate, harmful root rot could arise
- After about three weeks the earth will have assimilated the nutrients and will be ready to be sown
- To encourage the growth of more fruit, regularly trim the plants as soon as they have started to grow, shortening the branches at the level of the fourth leaf. In this way each branch will be productive and the nutrients will be better exploited in favor of the fruits
- The harvest generally begins in late June and continues in the warm months. To understand if a melon is ready to be picked, you must observe the skin, which in the varieties with a lattice shows a more pronounced lining. The cut must be done in a decisive way just above the fruit.