Social agriculture, what it is, Italian examples, public funding, definition, projects, regulations and many other info.
With the'social agriculture, sector companies open their doors to disadvantaged people, the elderly and minors. In recent years, in the agricultural field, we have been witnessing a large number of initiatives aimed atsocial: there is no shortage of urban gardens, shared spaces and last but not least, thesocial agriculture.
Who is on the hunt for onelegislation on social agriculture, you must know that there is not even a national one, so we will have to consult the guidelines drawn up by some Regions but let's proceed step by step, let's see immediately what is social agriculture.
Social agriculture, what it is
Instead of referring to the classicdefinitionfrom the textbook, we explain thesocial agriculturein practical terms.
L'social agricultureit is the practice that incorporates disadvantaged people or people belonging to particular social groups into agricultural activities.
Among the social groups at risk we point out the elderly, disadvantaged minors, immigrants, the handicapped ... In a broad sense, there is a tendency to incorporate intosocial agricultureEven theeducational farms, social farmsand the so-called "agrinids“.
In more specific terms, thesocial agriculturerefers to those initiatives aimed at involving subjects socially on the margins or excluded from the labor market: homeless, individual disadvantages and other people who require active integration policies socio-working.
Who can use the principles ofsocial agriculture?
Not all farms can guarantee the welcome and active involvement of vulnerable or socially excluded people. Before aiming for typical activities of thesocial agricultureit is necessary to analyze the real conditions of the farm and of the people it intends to involve.
Does the company's production path enjoy good accessibility? Are the company's activities diversified enough? What are the tasks to be addressed tosocial agriculture?
- Educational farm
- Care of the educational garden
- Care of the fields
- Corporate sale of products
- Relationship with the public
Companies that can use the principles ofsocial agriculturethey must have a large number of manual tasks, a high degree of safety and usability of internal places (warehouses, greenhouses, internal laboratories ...).
The reasons that drive a company to implement plansagricultural socialthey don't have to be exclusivelymonetarybut take a long-term look.
Income from social agriculture
Being theincomewhich derives from services offered to people, the main "users" can be institutions (psycho-social centers, centers for the elderly, centers for the disabled, rehabilitation centers for new addictions ...), Municipalities, parishes, hospitals and others community with which an agreement will have to be stipulated.
To reach more users, the farm that intends to enter the path ofsocial agriculturebetter to join a local network (consortium, association, clubs ...). Farms must first contact the Social Services Office of the municipality of residence (or neighboring ones) and make themselves known to the social welfare districts of the area (you can go to the ASL website of your area to find out what they are). In this way you communicate to interested parties the possibility of entering into an agreement.
Similarly, you can contact psychiatric hospitals, associations of family members of the disabled and so on.
To obtain a substantial income, the services offered bysocial agriculturethey should be associated with agritourism services such as catering, accommodation or forms of direct sales of fresh or processed products.
Social farming, funding
There are public funding for the branch ofsocial agriculture? In the old rural development programs of the 2007-2013 European plan, support was foreseen to activate services ofsocial agriculture. Not only iRural development programs, a good point of reference can be found through the European Social Fund which extends a hand to those who want to aim for social integration through innovative agricultural approaches.
Currently, who is on the hunt forfunding for social agriculturewill have to refer to the European Social Fund and especially the new 2014-2020 Rural Development Program which explicitly refers to the theme ofsocial agriculture.
Another tool offinancingvery important forsocial agricultureand theCrowdfunding. It is a path offundraiserthat uses the web to support projects with a strong social commitment.
To have the financial support of public or private lenders, it will be necessary to present a creative and supportive idea, capable of arousing the interest of the public who will have to know, from the very beginning, the budget necessary to complete the project.
Fundraising will have to comply with Resolution 18592 of the National Commission for Companies and the Stock Exchange.
Social agriculture, legislation and law
As stated, there is no national legislation but it is possible to refer to regional regulations. Therelawreference to frame the activity of asocial farmor the services offered tosocial agricultureit is Article 3 of Legislative Decree 228/2001 because it is related to the activity related to agriculture.
For practical examples of the implementation ofsocial farming projectsI refer you to the page:social agriculture, examples.
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