How to prune roses: all instructions on thepruning of roses, from the moon at the right time. Which branches to cut and how to fertilize roses for a quick recovery.
Regular pruning is required for garden roses to thrive. The best time to perform the pruning roses it changes according to the climate in which we find ourselves: generally it starts from the end of November until February / March. When to prune roses? Usually, action is taken before the new shoots begin to appear. It is important to respect the period of pruning roses in order not to compromise its flowering.
Should the pruning be done on a crescent or crescent moon?
The pruning of the roses will be done in falling moon.
At any time of the year and for all species of roses, slight pruning operations can be made and consist in removing withered flowers, dry or broken branches or in any case affected by diseases.
When to prune non-flowering roses, pruning after flowering
Depending on the type of roses, there is a specific pruning period. The species not re-flowering and the non-re-flowering climbing roses they should be pruned at the end of flowering.
Therefore, the ancient non-re-flowering roses that bloom in midsummer should be pruned in late August-early September, while the non-re-flowering climbing roses which bloom in late spring-early summer should be pruned in midsummer, at the end of flowering.
When to prune remontant roses
On theremontant rosesit is done in late autumn or just before the vegetative restart, roughly in the month of February.
Pruning of roses, how to do
Pruning should be done by favoring the young branches that start from the base: these branches hold a greater number of buds, so you will only have to shorten them by a maximum of 30 cm from the ground in order to obtain a strong and low plant. The older branches will have to be cut to the base or to the intersection with a new, more vigorous jet: the cut must always be at 45 ° towards the side opposite the last bud left. These are the general rules. Let's see some specific details onhow to prune re-flowering roses, climbing rosesand no reblooming.
Some hybrid roses are pruned by counting two or three buds at the base, on the contraryremontant rosesshorten counted four or five gems at the base. The climbing roses is sarmentose they are pruned by shortening the largest branches, it is cut at least thirty centimeters from the base. In theclimbing roseseven the thinnest branches are pruned, these at least 10 cm from the base.
Pruning young roses that have just been planted
Young seedlings should be pruned in early spring; while those planted in spring are pruned at the time of planting or when the vegetation is restored.
How to prune roses
In fact, thepruningit should vary as needed. Therepruningdescribed above aims atrenew the plantstimulating the growth of new basal branches.
You can adopt others pruning techniquesaccording to the purposes you have. For example, if you likegrow larger-flowered roses, you will have to completely cut off some stems so as to allow the rose to focus its energies on certain buds.
Following an illness or an excessively harsh winter, it may be useful to remove dry, dead or malformed branches.
Inprune the rosesremember this simple rule:
- With a more intensive pruning you will get fewer but bigger flowers.
- With less pruning, you will get more flowers but smaller in size.
Pruning roses, useful tips
Since the cut that is made to the twigs becomes a sort of small wound, infections can occur, so you will have to disinfect the tools used, especially when you switch from one plant to another and you suspect that one of the pruned roses may have some disease. To disinfect the tools just pass the blades in the sterilizing solution you find on the market or follow the DIY guide described on the page:how to disinfect pruning shears.
It may also be useful to fertilize the plants following pruning. If you pruned in spring or autumn, continue to add fertilizer. If you have done a winter pruning, avoid fertilizing and wait for spring to add fertilizer.
How to fertilize roses?
With a specific fertilizer capable of providing useful nutrients to rose plants, namely:
- Nitrogen (N)
- Phosphorus (P)
- Potassium (K)
- Iron (Fe)
- Manganese (Mn)
Manganese, iron and potassium strongly support the flowering of roses while nitrogen and phosphorus support green tissues.
Among the fertilizers that provide the mentioned nutrients in a balanced way, we point out the granular fertilizer for rosesToprose. This fertilizer, to the listed nutrients, addsnatural activatorswhich increase the development of roots and buds. It can be used both for roses in pots and for roses in the ground. On Amazon, this fertilizer is offered by Bayer at a price of 17.65 euros with free shipping costs.
For all information: Toprose granular fertilizer
It is a slow-release and above all long-lasting fertilizer.
At the beginning of March, remove any weeds, weed the soil superficially and distribute the granular fertilizer.
How to collect roses
As with pruning, the cut for picking roses must always be at 45 °.