The currant, a plant belonging to the Grossulariacee family, is a fruit consisting of small berries united in red, white and black clusters. Among the main varieties of currant we find: red currant, black currant and gooseberry. The currant is used for fresh consumption, or to prepare fruit preserves or as a flavoring. There cultivation of currant it does not require particular cultural care, they do not fear the cold, even during particularly harsh winters. Let's see in detail how to grow currants following our indications.
Currant cultivation, useful information
- For planting, prefer a sunny or in any case very bright place: this will ensure greater fruit production.
- Prefer shady areas in places with very hot summers, especially during the months of July and August: in case of very high temperatures, they can produce less fruit.
- Water periodically only in case of prolonged drought and during fruit ripening: rains are sufficient since they do not need large quantities of water.
- In spring and autumn, put mature organic fertilizer at the foot of the stump.
- Even if they adapt to any type of soil, prefer deep, loose and rich in organic matter soils: to avoid soils that are too wet or acidic.
Currant cultivation, pruning
The currant it should be pruned already from the first year in January or February, cutting the weakest branches and those that develop horizontally. In the second year it is then necessary to keep 6 main branches and then prune later prune the side branches that develop on the main branches. Each year, one or two more main branches should be allowed to develop, until the shrub has 8-10. In case of an unproductive branch, prune up to a lateral shoot, from which a new main branch will grow.
Currant cultivation, diseases and parasites
The currant it is hardly affected by parasites and diseases: occasionally it can be affected by white sickness