Searches

When to graft a plant


L'grafting it is a cultivation practice of multiplication which consists in joining a living part of a plant (scion) on another plant of very similar species (rootstock). At the time ofgrafting it is necessary to verify that both the scion and the rootstock are in the vegetative phase: the rooting of thegrafting it will then be characterized by the resumption of growth by the scion. The best time to proceed with a grafting it is between the beginning of spring and the month of August. In conditions of very dry air and high temperatures it is preferable to graft in the early morning. Let's see in detail when to graft a plant, giving you some useful information.

When to graft a plant, useful tips

  • At the time of grafting, make sure that the blades are thin, well sharpened and sterilized
  • The cuts must be clean and the surfaces of the cuts perfectly smooth.
  • Taper both the rootstock and the scion to prevent depressions from forming with dehydration
  • Arrange the scion so that it adheres perfectly to the rootstock by applying appropriate pressure without squeezing

When to graft a plant, calendar
The techniques ofgrafting they are a lot; they vary both in terms of execution and in the period in which they are implemented. Some types of grafting, in fact, must be done in spring, others in summer, in the autumn months and still others at the end of winter. Grafting a plant at the wrong time can compromise the success of the operation.

-February
quince, apple and pear.
Types of grafting: English double cleft, log, star, cleft, full cleft, hollow cleft, triangle, zeta

-February March
Apricot, persimmon, chestnut, cherry, apple, stone, pear, peach, plum and vine.
Types of graft: A log, double English split, star, split, full split, hollow split, triangle, zeta

-March April
Persimmon, cherry, quince, fig, apple, pomegranate, walnut, olive, pear, peach and plum.
Graft types: log, double English split, star, split, full split, hollow split, triangle, zeta, pike beak, apical split, bridge, crown, chip budding, shield, zuffolo

-April
Apple and peach.
Graft types: star, double English split, split, triangle, zeta, pike beak, apical split, bridge, crown, chip budding, shield, zuffolo

-April May
Citrus fruits, fig, almond, walnut, olive tree.
Graft types: star, split, triangle, zeta, pike beak, apical split, bridge, crown, chip budding, shield, zuffolo, apical split

-May June
Apricot, persimmon, chestnut, walnut and peach.
Graft types: pike beak, apical cleft, bridge, crown, chip budding, shield, zuffolo, apical cleft

-June
apricot, almond and peach
Graft types: pike beak, apical cleft, bridge, crown, chip budding, shield, zuffolo, apical cleft

-July August
apricot, chestnut, walnut, plum and vine.
Types of grafting: bridge, simple English split, chip budding, shield, flare, double shield, Majorcan, patch, approximation grafts

-August September
citrus, persimmon, cherry, quince, apple, pomegranate, walnut, pear and vine.
Types of grafting: bridge, simple English split, chip budding, shield, flare, double shield, Majorcan, patch, approximation grafts

Grafting scissors

As is clear, we have devoted a great deal of pages toGrafting of fruit trees, this is because the techniques are different and nothing must be left to chance, starting with the cut. To increase the chances of engraftment, in addition to the use of a stimulating mastic, it is necessary to make a clean, clean cut without burrs. An unclear cut could cause suffering to the plant and compromise the success of the entire operation. This is why it is recommended to use well-sharpened knives or scissors designed for omega or gem cutting ... The use of the grafting knife is recommended only for those with great practicality and experience. To facilitate the entire operation, i sector professionals now they use special grafting scissors. Grafting scissors are not expensive and on the market there are exclusive ones for a type of cut or more versatile and therefore adaptable to make different types of grafting. Among the various purchase proposals, I would like to point out what appear to be the best value for money grafting scissors:

  • Professional grafting scissors - “Tink-sky Professional” - Price € 29.99
  • Professional grafting scissors - "Tofern Professional ”- Price € 23.40

These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant. Thegrafting scissors mentionedhave similar characteristics. The only differences are in the manufacturer and in the fact that the more expensive pruning shears allows you to cut more double branches, with a larger diameter than the Tofren scissors which have a maximum opening of 12 mm.

Made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants). Both prices indicated include free shipping costs.

Professional grafting machine

Those who intend to graft with scions and rootstocks with a diameter of 2 cm will have to buy a real professional grafting machine.

A good product with an excellent value for money is the Stocker professional manual grafting machine, offered on Amazon at a price of about € 37.80 including shipping costs. This professional stapler allows you to cut branches up to 2 cm in diameter by practicing only the V cut, therefore with fixed blades that can only be changed once consumed.

How to graft a fruit tree?

  1. Choose rootstock and scion
  2. Adjust the scissors to the type of cut (and graft) desired
  3. Cut the scion and the branch of the rootstock where you want to plant the scion
  4. Join the scion to the rootstock by adding mastic
  5. Seal with raffia or grafting tape.


Video: What are Grafted Plants? (January 2022).