Energy Performance Certificate: who and how

Energy Performance Certificate (APE) is the document that replaced the previous Energy Certification Certificate (ACE) starting from 6 June 2013. The APE is valid for 10 years but must be renewed and updated in the case of renovations or redevelopment that change the energy class of the building. The latter is still calculated with the criteria of Law Decree 192 of 2005.

MANDATORY Energy Performance Certificate. The Decree Law of 4 June 2013 established that - from when the contents and calculation procedures come into force - the APE becomes mandatory for: 1) newly constructed buildings; 2) buildings undergoing major renovations; 3) buildings or real estate units subject to sale, 4) buildings and real estate units rented out.

Looking at the numbers, the newEnergy Performance Certificate will move a nice market given that new buildings are about 300 thousand every year (those for ordinary residential use) and that in 2012, in times of real estate crisis, about 450 thousand residential sales were recorded (in the period 2000-2011 the average was 750 thousand).

NOT OBLIGED Energy Performance Certificate. The Decree of 4 June 2013 established that the following are excluded from the obligations of the EPA: 1) buildings with the code of cultural heritage and landscape; 2) buildings for industrial and artisanal use if the rooms are heated for the needs of production or with the use of energy waste deriving from production, 3) non-residential rural buildings that are not equipped with an air conditioning system; 4) isolated buildings with a total useful area of ​​less than 50 square meters; 5) garages, cellars, garages, multi-storey car parks and warehouses.

WHO CAN RELEASE Energy Performance Certificate? The certifying subjects, that is, those who can carry out energy certification activities by issuing the APE, are: 1) the qualified technicians; 2) public bodies and public law bodies operating in the energy and construction sectors; 3) public and private bodies qualified to carry out inspection activities in the construction sector, accredited by the Italian accreditation body; 4) energy service companies (ESCo - Energy Service Company).

WHAT CHANGES Energy Performance Certificate? Compared to the previous Energy Certification Certificate, the APE is a little more 'complete' and also a little more 'complicated' because it takes into account more parameters: 1) the overall energy performance of the building both in terms of primary energy total and non-renewable primary energy; 2) the energy class; 3) the energy quality of the building; 4) CO₂ emissions.

The release of aEnergy Performance Certificate it may possibly be simplified by the previous preparation of an Energy Qualification Certificate (AQE) - there is no limit to the bureaucracy - which is however optional. The law establishes that an AQE to be valid must contain: 1) an indication of the building's primary energy needs; 2) the class to which the building belongs with reference to the current certification system. The usefulness of the AQE for the subsequent release of the EPA lies in the fact that the AQE may already contain indications of possible improvements to the energy performance and energy class of the building.

Finally, attention: sanctions are envisaged in the event of an irregular or missing EPA.

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