Marevivo is a group of people, Marevivo it is a common passion for the sea. Marevivo since 1985 it has been promoting and implementing interventions in favor of the defense of the sea. Pollution, transport of dangerous substances by sea, massacres of cetaceans, illegal and destructive fishing methods, abandonment in the open sea of toxic noxious substances: all problems to be solved and Marevivo is at the forefront, as he explains the president Rosalba Giugni.
1) When were you born and how many associates do you count today?
It was 1985 when I became aware that the world around me was changing, in particular that of the sea, and that's how it was born Marevivo. At the beginning, a partnership of people, with a passion for the sea and with the aim of making other people understand that it was in danger. Today, after 30 years, Marevivo it has thirty thousand members and from the Roman national headquarters and from all the delegations scattered throughout the territory, we have not stopped working for a single day. Our blue flag with white dolphins has always waved proudly, far from political logic and opportunities.
2) What are the main themes you deal with?
Environmental education is the priority of Marevivo but there are many battles waged on different fronts. We have promoted safeguard laws (eg. Against spadare or sea date fishing or for the establishment of marine protected areas). Marevivo also carries out actions of fight against pollution: in recent years we have focused on the scary one of the Gulf of Naples. For 5 years there has also been the initiative "But isn't the sea worth a butt?" against the abandonment of cigarette butts on the beach, and we arrived at twelve international campaigns in the "Mare Nostrum" together with the Navy, aboard the Amerigo Vespucci training ship, on the hottest problems of sea protection. Currently in the Northern Seas on the theme of renewable energy and respect for the landscape there is "Sun, wind and sea" in place.
3) Since the birth of Marevivo, how have the priorities regarding the defense of the sea changed?
I believe they have not changed: the problems remain on the table. Strong issues such as pollution, excessive fishing effort, overbuilding of the coasts, erosion of the coasts, mass tourism, maritime transport and drilling, do not have an adequate control room. There is no adequate policy that knows how to combine the need to safeguard the marine heritage with that of exploiting its resources. In the past there was a Ministry of Merchant Marine, after its demise, the competences have been spread across 6 ministries and there is no longer an integrated policy.
4) How has citizens' awareness of these issues changed?
The sea continues to be conceived exclusively in terms of vacation or mere exploitation of its resources. In recent years like Marevivo we have seen a greater sensitivity and attention to green issues spread but we have not yet reached that awareness that the environment, as common good, it is a right equal to that of health or education.
At a time when everyone's attention is focused on the economic crisis, environmental issues represent the real strategic challenges of the 21st century. Economists, ecologists, politicians should all contribute to creating a vision of Sustainable Development where environmental protection is closely related to economic growth.
5) How is the situation of marine protected areas in Italy?
Italy is the country with the highest number of marine protected areas in Europe. But the resources are lacking, it is absent a strategic planning system and consequent policies, there is still a difficulty of surveillance and the weight of local politics is excessive compared to national interests. Much more could be done, from strengthening the alliance with scientific research and also with the world of education to international collaboration in the Mediterranean.
6) What are Marevivo's activities in the field of environmental education?
The protection and salvation of the seas and the environment pass through knowledge in young people: for this reason Marevivo is leveraging the new generations with various ad hoc actions and projects. Giglio, Capri, Ischia, Ponza and Lampedusa are some of the islands mobilized for the "Delfini Guardiani" environmental education project, which is creating a network of young 'sentinels' of the territory of the smaller islands. Marevivo it is also preparing the new edition of "Blue Table" aimed at hotel establishments in Italy, because the chefs of tomorrow are called to combine creativity and sustainability in the use of sea resources.
7) And in that of scientific research?
In addition to making use of a scientific committee, Marevivo on the themes of climate change, aquaculture, fishing and biodiversity, alongside the CONISMA (National Interuniversity Consortium for Marine Sciences). On energy, together with Enea, Gse, the Ministries of the Environment and Cultural Heritage and the La Sapienza University, Marevivo search for solutions that can reconcile the use of components or plant systems for the production of thermal and / or electrical energy from renewable sources with respect for the environment, the typological characteristics of the architecture of the place and landscape of the smaller islands and / or marine protected areas.