ll caper it is an evergreen shrub typical of the Mediterranean area that can grow in different conditions: we find it on rocky slopes, alongside green lawns and in gardens as an ornamental plant. Here's how to proceed if you decide di grow a caper in your garden. Before proceeding, know that a caper lasts about 20-30 years.
Cultivate the caper, the plant
The best time to set up a capers it is between January and February, the soil is still very humid and therefore it becomes easier for young plants to take root.
- Prepare the soil adequately in order to allow the appropriate annual tillage. It is important to make a hole about 50-60 deep: the roots of the caper go very deep.
- Enrich the soil with a potassium oxide based fertilizer
- Place the seedlings at a depth of about 35 cm, with a distance between the rows of 2 meters and along the rows of about 1 meter: first, however, you will have to lighten the root system a little and free all the aerial part with a drastic pruning, starting about 3 cm above the collar of the plant
- Irrigate approximately 3 times during the first year of planting: it does not require extensive watering, it is a plant used to resist even in rather dry outdoor environments
Cultivate the caper, useful information
- It is preferable to completely cover the plant with a light layer of earth (about 1 cm) to protect it from possible frosts and cold winds.
- Harvest before the phase in which the plant begins flowering: the smallest capers are the best quality ones and every 10 days the caper plant will produce new tapini (capers).
In summer it is possible to reproduce by cuttings: just use the part of the woody branches of the plant to bury them in a mixture of peat, soil and sand.