Until a few years ago, when we talked aboutecological carsreference was made to the petrol and diesel cars able to offer low consumption. Today the speech changes, theecological carsare those adsupplyalternative, namely methane or LPG cars, car hybrids, pure electric cars, hydrogen cars and the younger compressed air cars. Another category ofecological carsis given by cars with flex fuel engines, a reality that is still little discussed in Italy although well confirmed in other areas of Europe.
Ecological cars: LPG and methane
The advantage ofecological carsit is not only environmental: management costs drop dramatically! Not even the most "economical" diesel would be able to insure the running costs of a methane car, so the power supplydieselin the last few years it has been losing hits. The greater diffusion of LPG and methane cars has gone to the detriment of diesel engines which are still the most purchased by Italians but with a slightly lower percentage. Theecological carsmost popular? In order of sales: LPG, methane, hybrid and electric.
Ecological cars: hybrid
With Toyota at the top of the charts, thanks to a wide range, the demand forcarhybrid is booming, so much so that it is just a few steps away from methane. The solution of combining an electric engine with a diesel engine seems to be the most suitable for those who travel many kilometers, combining the economy of diesel with the support of the "battery engine". The Volvo manufacturer, who launched the supercar, sensed this needecologicalV60 Diesel Hybrid.
Ecological cars: pure electric
For now, the electric car market is not frowned upon by society: prices are still too high and range is scarce. Fortunately, something is changing, some car manufacturers are dictating a change of trend, even if the best-selling electric car remains the Nissan LEAF, cheaper and equally "performing" is the Renault ZOE which is on the market with the lowest price category.
Above all, the lack of a widespread network of recharging infrastructures is hampering the spread of electric cars: according to the national plan of the development decree, 130,000 public recharging points for electric cars will have to be operational in Italy by 2020. The first"goal"will be marked already in 2016: in 2013 Italy will receive 20 million euros, in 2014 it will receive 15 and in 2015 it will receive another 15 million euros, so by the end of 2016 on the national territory the first 90,000 columns will already have to be counted charging.
Photo | Opel Ampera, the electric car with extended range