The buckwheat it is an annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the Polygonaceae family and not to that of the Graminaceae as many mistakenly think, considering it a cereal. The harvest is carried out when the wheat grains begin to take on a dark brown color, and are then left to dry in the sun for about twenty days before being threshed. The buckwheat it is grown mainly to obtain flour for food use while its seeds, on the other hand, together with the plant, are used to feed farm animals.
The buckwheat it is made up of 10% water, 10% dietary fiber, 2.1% ash, carbohydrates, proteins and fats, it has some minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, zinc, manganese and iron. In buckwheat there are some vitamins of group B and precisely vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6; Vitamin E is also present. It also contains important amino acids such as: alanine, arginine, cystine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, valine, threonine, proline and tyrosine.
Buckwheat, use in the kitchen
The buckwheat it must be washed before use in the kitchen, preferring even more than one wash in cold water until the water is clear. Once drained, the grains must be toasted for a couple of minutes, then they can be cooked in hot salted water for no less than 20 minutes.
The buckwheat, in the form of flour, it is very suitable in the diet of people who have celiac disease, due to the total absence of gluten; with its flour you can prepare pasta, polenta and bread that can be consumed by celiacs with good health benefits.
Buckwheat, healing properties
Due to its high protein value similar to that of meat and soy, its consumption is recommended especially in case of physical wasting: thanks to the presence of a substance called rutin, it can preserve the elasticity of blood vessel tissues.
From recent research conducted in Canada, it would appear that the buckwheat may be able to treat diabetes mellitus thanks to the presence of an active ingredient called chiroinositol: according to the results of these studies, this substance would be able to lower blood sugar by 19%, thus opening up new scenarios in the treatment of this widespread disease.