Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate

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Sodium bicarbonate, what is it for and all uses. Information on the chemical formula, natural remedies, uses for home hygiene and personal hygiene.

The sodium bicarbonate is a very versatile substance: thanks to its innumerable uses it can be useful both at home and in the garden. The sodium bicarbonate, in fact, it is used in many sectors, from the cosmetic industry to the food industry, from home hygiene to personal care ... In this article we will see what the uses of sodium bicarbonate are and how to use it as natural remedyagainst candied fruit, to have teethwhite, to clean the house ... and much more.

Sodium bicarbonate, chemical formula

One of the largest deposits of sodium bicarbonate natural world is located in the Green River basin, in the central area of ​​the United States.

Industrially thesodium bicarbonateit is produced asSolvay method, by passing ammonia and carbon dioxide in a sodium chloride solution. The reaction sees the production ofsodium bicarbonateand ammonium chloride.

Thereformulait's the following:

H.2O + NaCl + NH3 + CO2 → NH4Cl + NaHCO3

To obtainpure sodium bicarbonatea reaction is used which exploits sodium carbonate, water and carbon dioxide, therefore without ammonia. The reaction formula is as follows:

H.2O + Na2CO3 + CO2 → 2 NaHCO3

Theresodium bicarbonate formulais NaHCO3

Looking at the formula, one can understand that its common name is improper; its IUPAC name is sodium hydrogen carbonate. It is also commonly calledsodium hydrogen carbonateormonosodium carbonate.

It is a sodium salt of carbonic acid. In nature, thesodium hydrogen carbonateit is found dissolved in aqueous solution in many mineral springs. The natural mineral form is callednahcolite,also calledthermokalite. Its name (nahcolite) refers to the chemical components of its formula:Na, H, C and O,thereforesodium, hydrogen, carbon and oxygen.

Nahcolite was described for the first time by us in Italy, in 1928, formed on the Vesuvius of Naples.

Baking soda to digest

Do you have stomach acid problems? With a pinch of bicarbonate in a glass of water you will solve the problem without having to resort to medicines.

Thesodium bicarbonate, once dissolved in water, it forms an extremely basic solution that acts as a buffer and raises the pH of the acidic environment of our stomach.

Due to its ability to raise the pH of the stomach, it is used asnatural antacidfor the treatment of acid indigestion and heartburn.

In the stomach, its reaction leads to the production of salt and carbon dioxide, here is the formula:

NaHCO 3 + HCl → NaCl + H 2 O + CO 2

Baking soda as a disinfectant

Thesodium bicarbonateis considered adisinfectantvery effective natural. It can be used as a fungicide against various organisms. Thanks to its properties, sodium bicarbonate is used to relieve itching and burning associated with contact with plants such as poison ivy or some types of oak.

Baking soda for cleaning

Thanks to sodium bicarbonate it is possible to clean the house without impacting the environment. A natural cleanserit is prepared by mixing bicarbonate with water, in the amount of 100 grams for each liter.

This solution is particularly suitable for cleaning the kitchen, especially the refrigerator and all surfaces that come into contact with food.

Rub on every washable surface of the house, once rinsed you will have excellent results.

Baking soda and vinegarthey are an excellent combination for household chores: just add a glass of white vinegar to the solution to obtain a natural detergent for cleaning floors. To discover each type of use of the blend between vinegar and baking soda we invite you to read the page: vinegar and baking soda.

The sodium biarbonateit is perfect for polishing silver. If you want to make your silverware shine, in fact, just prepare an emulsion of three parts of bicarbonate and one part of water; moisten a cotton cloth with the aforementioned compound and pass it over the object to be made to shine. Then rinse with warm water and dry thoroughly. If you have very damaged silver, you can make it shine by following the instructions in the guidehow to clean silver with baking soda.

The sodium bicarbonateis perfect foreliminate bad smells, from those of the shoes to those of the refrigerator. To eliminate bad smells in the fridge, for example, just place a bowl inside with about 200 g of bicarbonate to be changed from time to time; you will see that the stench will go away!

For periodic cleaning of the internal walls of the refrigerator you will need to use a solution consisting of 4 tablespoons of bicarbonate in a liter of water. Once used, the solution containing sodium bicarbonate can be poured into all the drains of the house so as to clean and disinfect in a mild way.

Baking soda, uses in the kitchen

Thesodium bicarbonateit is widely used by the food industry. You can find it in the list of ingredients marked on the label with the initials E500. It can also come in handy at home.

Do you want to leaven your cake?
Just add a teaspoon of bicarbonate to the yeast used.

Do you love fluffy omelettes?
You just have to put the tip of a teaspoon of baking soda every 3 eggs.

Do you have little time to cook chickpeas or other legumes?
Add a tablespoon of bicarbonate every liter of water and they will become soft much faster: the same thing applies to all legumes.

In short, the uses of the baking soda in the housethey are infinite!

Baking soda and teeth

Thesodium bicarbonateis an ally of dental hygiene. Many toothpastes contain this substance and scientific studies have shown that it can have an effectwhitening on the teeth. It is also useful for removing dental plaque.

Due to its antiseptic properties, thesodium bicarbonateit is often used as an ingredient in some mouthwashes. It is widely used in dental hygiene for its abrasive properties but also for its effectanticaries related to its pH.

Sodium bicarbonate in organic farming

The organic farming thesodium bicarbonateit is used for the control of many parasites. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency lists it among the biopesticides of good efficacy. To know how to use thebicarbonate in the gardenyou can read the in-depth study dedicated to baking soda in agriculture.

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