Rotation of agricultural land: how to rotate crops in the garden. There crop rotationit is an ancient practice that dates back to the Middle Ages that is still very useful today.
Thererotation,it is a vital practice for maintaining one's fertilityground,this is especially true when we are talking about a little one vegetable garden. In the little onesvegetable gardens, since a limited area is available, the practice ofrotation. The rotation of the land is also very important for large farms that want to limit the use of pesticides and fertilizers, or for agricultural activities that have embraced the method of biological agriculture.
Rotation of agricultural land, what is it for
What does this ancient cultivation technique consist of? Thefarmer must avoid growing the same vegetable (or a vegetable from the same family) twice in the same flowerbed for several years in a row.
Understanding the reason for this need is easy. Many think that the "groundhe gets tired"Of the same plants but it is more correct to say that yesruns out, or rather, it depletes the metabolites useful for that plant variety. Not to mention all the problems related to diseases and parasites.
Terrain rotation, advantages
This ancient technique has its roots in the Middle Ages. Even today, it helps us keep the soil fertile and ward off parasitic attacks. Let's see in detail what are the advantages ofrotation of fields.
- Maintains the fertility of the soil
- Improve production quality and yield
- Reduces the growth of weeds
- It reduces the use of phytosanitary chemicals because the plants will tend to get sick less
- It reduces environmental pollution
For good results, therotation of agricultural landit should be done for at least 3-4 years in a row before starting the cycle all over again.
Rotation of agricultural land
In order not to forget the succession of cultivation in the plots of land, we recommend that you write down the list of plants grown each year in a diary. Divide the vegetable garden or land into 4 quadrants and start yours from hererotations.
We advised you to divide the garden into 4 quadrants because the plants to be grown can be grouped into four large categories.
- Demanding crops
- Medium-duty crops
- Undemanding crops
Undemanding crops can be used as wild cards, while legumes can precede crops with high and medium requirements and follow these same crops.
Crop rotation, legumes
Peas, beans, green beans, broad beans, chickpeas ... are crops that enrich the soil thanks to a symbiotic relationship that the root system establishes with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
At the end of the cultivation, never remove the roots of the plants, just bury everything so as to enrich the soil with nitrogen. Legumes can be grown after tomatoes, aubergines, potatoes ... and all plants that have a high nitrogen requirement.
Crop rotation, demanding plants
Tomato, eggplant, potato, courgette, pumpkin, cucumber, watermelon and melon. These plants cannotsucceed each otheron the same plot of land because they all want a large amount of nitrogen.
The land hosting these crops should be worked in autumn with a deep dig. At the time of processing, it will be good to incorporate well-mature manure. For every information:how to fertilize with manure.
Crop rotation, medium need plants
In the garden we love to grow garlic, carrot, fennel, lettuce, leek and radish. These plants love a medium rich in nitrogen soil. They can follow legumes or precede the cultivation of undemanding plants.
Crop rotation, undemanding plants
Parsley, spinach, chard, onions, aromatic herbs… These are undemanding plants. They are not looking for specific fertility.
How to rotate agricultural land
Here are some practical examples to help you inrotation of the gardenand godsfieldsagricultural.
If an area of the groundis grown withchard,once the harvest is finished, ingroundchard or spinach should not be planted again. Conversely, chard must not happen to spinach.
Curly endive and escarole should not be grown in the same soil for two crops in a row, furthermore, these varieties should never be followed by lettuce and radicchio.
Watermelon, cucumber, melon, pumpkin and courgette - these varieties must never follow each other.
Carrot, fennel, parsley and celery: they should never follow each other nor should they be planted after cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, cabbage, cabbage and turnip, the latter family (cruciferous) should not be followed by rocket and radish.
As for eggplants, potatoes, peppers and tomatoes, these crops shouldn't occupy the same land for two years in a row. It is not possible to make the succession between potatoes, peppers, aubergines and tomatoes ... nor with beets!
For more information: crop rotation.
You might also be interested in
- Clopyrifos methyl
- Cruciferae: list and properties
- Chickpea plant: how and when to plant it