The grafts of plants, hints and instructions

That ofgraftsis a widespread agronomic practice for the agamic multiplication ofplants. With thegraftsa physical fusion of two takes placeplantsdifferent where one is called rootstock and constitutes the basal part of the plant while the other is called nesto and is the aerial part.

Theplant graftsthey are practiced by placing a branch or a bud of the graft on the graft. At the end ofgraftingyou will get oneplantformed by two different portions. Thegraftsthey are practiced by having these two portions welded together: the agronomist makes a cut on the graft and from here a callus is created that unites the two parts.

Cutting is a crucial element forgrafting: the grafting of the graft depends on the quality of the cut which must not go beyond the bark but above all which must be compatible with the shape of the graft. The cut made in the rootstock must coincide perfectly with the graft, be it a bud or a branch.

The best time to practice agraftingit is usually spring or late summer. The months of August and September are ideal for practicinggrafts on fruit plants.

The types ofgraftingthere are many, if you are a beginner, the ideal would be to start with abud graft, easier to operate (in my opinion) than thesplit graftor wedge. More difficult to practice and even less widespread aregraftsby approximation.Graftsinterlocking, cell, tab, bridge ... the types ofgraftingthey are really numerous!

To facilitate rooting and better match the two parts of the plants, it is possible to use mastic and raffia. On a descriptive level, the practice ofgraftingcan be divided into a few simple steps:

  1. Match the two edges by making them with the appropriate raffia (in the absence of raffia, use simple insulating tape)
  2. Secure the two ends with putty
  3. Wait for the graft to succeed: the most striking sign will be the appearance of new shoots

For the instructions more detailed, you can access our in-depth analysis onbud graft, available at this address.

Equipment for grafting plants: knives, scissors and grafting machines

Any kind ofgraftingrequires a specific tool. L'triangle couplingit is particularly suitable for fruit trees, first of all apple, pear, apricot, plum, cherry and quince. The triangle grafting knife has fixed angle blades so as to allow a perfect incision of the rootstock, favoring a more rapid rooting of the scion.

A triangle grafting knife with a top quality steel blade is offered on Amazon at a price of 24.10 euros with shipping costs included in the price. The price drops to € 17.20 for those who decide to buy other Ausonia grafting tools and gardening items.

The grafting knife with the square blade is well suited for scudetto or gem grafting, wedge grafting and for grafting semi-woody and woody species. A good classic grafting knife, with a steel blade signed Rolson is offered on Amazon at a price of 14.21 euros with free shipping.

Grafting scissors

More expensive than knives are grafting scissors. Grafting scissors allow you to make an incision more easily: you don't need to have any particular manual skills to be able to graft! Thanks to scissors everyone can make even the most difficult omega grafting.

Among the various purchase proposals, I would like to point out what appear to be the best value for money grafting scissors:

  • Professional grafting scissors - "Tink-sky Professional"
    Price 29.99 euros.
  • Professional grafting scissors - "Minidiva Garden Professional "
    Price: 26.65 euros.

These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant. Thegrafting scissors mentionedhave similar characteristics.

Made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants). Both prices indicated include free shipping costs. Although they are presented asgrafting toolsprofessional, these scissors can't go beyond one centimeter in diameter.

Professional grafting machine

Those who intend to graft with scions and rootstocks with a diameter of 2 cm will have to buy a real professional grafting machine.

A good product with an excellent value for money is the Stocker professional manual grafting machine, offered on Amazon at a price of about € 37.80 including shipping costs. This professional cutter allows you to cut branches up to 2 cm in diameter by practicing only the V-shaped cut, therefore with fixed blades that can only be changed once consumed.

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