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The aromatic plants they are all those plant species with a pleasant smell that can be boiled or added to numerous dishes to enrich their flavor. Many recipes require the addition of herbs and cultivating them is very simple. There are more than 1000 varieties of aromatic plants even if the best known and cultivated in the homes of Italians are only about ten and most of them are one kitchen plant, aromatic
The herbs they are an excellent source of fiber, vitamins and minerals. The herbs they are low or completely fat-free and some are rich in calcium, iron, vitamins A and Ci, folic acid and lutein. Numerous citrus varieties are also considered aromatic plants for the particular fragrances (cedar, mandarin, bergamot…).
In the aromatic plants the production of "essences " (aromatic substances) can be distributed throughout the plant or localized in certain positions such as seeds, bulbs or roots, leaves or wood. Many aromatic plants they are also used as medicinal plants for its healing properties.
The aromatic plants they are widely used in the kitchen for the preparation of dishes or infusions but we can also rediscover them:
- in the preparation of liqueurs or bitters
- in the cosmetic industry (in perfumery for the preparation of perfumes and ointments. In herbal medicine for the preparation of compresses or creams)
- in the pharmaceutical industry
Between aromatic plants more widespread in Italy we find basil but also tea, pepper, rosemary, sage ... Globally, the aromatic plant most famous is that of coffee! If you intend to start a small home cultivation of aromatic plants you can consult our guide. Below is a list of the common names of aromatic plants widespread in Italy.
- Minor Centaura
- Wild fennel
- Greater gentian
- Sweet orange
- Noble chamomile
- Ramson and Garlic
- Absinthe major
- Bitter orange