Against land consumption, plan! TheNational Institute of Urban Planning (INU) since 1930: they were the first to study the phenomena of soil consumption in Italy and today they also manage the Research Center on Soil Consumption as well as many other green initiatives in the area. Giuseppe De Luca, secretary of INU, he tells her.
1) With what purpose was Inu born and what is its mission today?
L'National Institute of Urban Planning it was founded in 1930 to promote building and urban planning studies, and to spread the principles of planning. He is currently a High culture institution and technical coordination and is also recognized as Environmental Protection Association by the Ministry of the Environment. Its mission continues to be that of supporter of the practice of planning as the main instrument of territorial governance.
2) What activity does it carry out?
L'INU carries out scientific and disciplinary dissemination activities with the publishing house of the same name and the international magazine Planum. We also created the Giovanni Astengo Foundation, in 1995, to promote ongoing training and historical and contemporary documentation activities for urban planning. We address local territorial institutions, their technical apparatuses, the professional and academic worlds. As a member of the European Council of Town Planners, we organize the Biennial of European Planners. It hosted the 1997 edition in Rome and those of 2011 in Genoa. Finally, we have relationships with major institutions in other geographical areas, with which it has entered into agreements, such as the American Planning Association since 1996.
3) Which geographic areas participate most?
L'INU it is present in all geographical areas of the country with 19 regional sections. Participation is widespread, it is more active in realities where planning practices are a constant (center-north) more rarefied in others (south). We have several members who have front-line institutional positions or presidents of regional commissions for the territory, mayors and various local administrators. The regional sections with the highest number of members are: Lazio, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Veneto, Piedmont and Campania.
The activity is organized into national study commissions and thematic working groups that cover the entire national territory and all issues related to the territory: from soil defense to those on planning and landscape quality.
4) What are your activities related to environmental sustainability?
We are in the table of the environmental associations, maintaining a very close relationship with Legambiente and WWF, and in the International Commission for the protection of the Alps (CIPRA). We recently signed a memorandum with the United Nations for the HABITAT Program. For some time we have been committed to ensuring that environmental issues enter permanently in the practices of urban and territorial planning: we were the first major National Institute to study the phenomena of land consumption in Italy, in fact, together with Legambiente Onlus, we created the Research Center on Land consumption.
5) What activities does this Center for Research on Land Use carry out?
The fundamental objective of the CRCS is the collection of data for the definition of analysis methodologies and for the quantification of land consumption in Italy. The methodology identified is based on research relating to land cover (land use cartography) over at least two distinct periods (spaced by reasonable time thresholds to observe the change). An annual report is then produced in which the quantitative definition of land consumption on a provincial basis in Italy is progressively outlined. The Center is based at the Politecnico di Milano, Architecture and Society, and is co-financed by the Cariplo Foundation, by the Lombardy and Tuscany Regions, as well as by the Province of Lodi.
6) UrbanPromo: what is it about?
It is the reference cultural event for the themes of urban regeneration and urban and territorial marketing. It was started by the Inu in 2004. The first seven editions were held in Venice, the next two in Bologna. Since 2011, a specialized event on Social Housing has also been added, which is held in Turin. Urbanpromo is a privileged place to represent the best practices of public administrations and private operators, promote innovation in the governance of the territory, open new perspectives to public-private partnerships and develop the integration of skills and quali ﬁ ed knowledge.
7) Do you have contacts / collaborations / projects with other realities similar to yours in Europe?
The main contacts are made through the European Council of Town Planners. We are currently following the work that will lead to a European Directive on the Planner profession; and one on the harmonization of university training courses. We are also preparing the next Biennial of urban planners, scheduled for September 2013 in Cascai, on the theme “New Paradigms, Challenges and Opportunities of European Cities. The contribution of Spatial Planning to overcome the crisis ".
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