Offshore wind, towards 2020

L'offshore wind it has not yet reached the power obtained from the onshore wind but the industry is growing strongly, global forecasts estimate to reach a business of 130 million euros by 2020.

The costs ofoffshore wind they will be increasingly competitive, so much so as to compete with the Solar photovoltaic and onshore wind. To dominate the global market ofoffshore wind it will be Europe even if the regions of North America and Asia-Pacific will have significant market shares. It is technological innovation that overcomes the obstacles that have limited the development of the sector offshore to this day, many of the technologies are owned by Asian companies.

New offshore wind farms they should "sprout " in the seas around the world but it is Europe that opens the dance: the European Union, in its objectives set for 2020, plans to achieve production fromoffshore wind of 40 gigawatts (GW), wind power will thus correspond to 12% of the capacity given by renewable energies.

So far, Europe has a capacity offshore of 5 GW, most of which was installed in 2012. There are numerous projects under construction and it is expected that until 2020, the industry offshore in Europe it will move capital of over 14 billion euros per year. For this 2013, it is planned to add 1.8 GW seeking capacity to the 5 GW for a total of 7 billion investments.

If these forecasts may seem too optimistic to you, know that they were conducted by Roland Berger who took into account the growing competitiveness of costs and the performance of leading companies in the sector. L'offshore wind it is mainly dominated by two companies, with Siemens on the podium immediately followed by Vestas. Repower, WinWind, Sinovel and General Electric are not missing from the appeal. There are many "new entry“, To name a few: Hyundai, Samsung and Gamesa.

The turbines that will characterize the industry offshore by 2020, they will be larger than the current ones and undoubtedly more powerful. The average size of a offshore plant it will go from the current 200 MW to 340 MW in 2020 where each turbine will have an average capacity of 4-7 MW, more than double the current (2-3 MW).

Photo | Image of the global offshore wind market via Roland Berger
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Video: New England for Offshore Wind (December 2021).