Each year, a Western consumer throws up to 253 kilos of food. This means that with every single person's food waste, the problem of world hunger could be drastically reduced, if not eliminated. Food waste can become a resource for the global community, so much so that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has published an entire dossier dedicated to food waste.
Basically, consumers in North America and Europe throw away from 209 to 253 kilograms of food every year. Pay attention, the figure is estimated for each individual consumer and not for a family! This means that considering the USDA study that the average American eats 4.7 pounds of food per day, the amount of food waste of every single consumer, could feed an average American for two months!
However, the biggest difference lies in the "when"I food waste are produced. In industrialized countries most of food waste it is produced directly by the consumer and through retail. They are also produced in developing countries food waste, but here the production takes place during the processing of the food. The high standards of appearance induce the producer to sell food grown for human consumption as food for animal feed. For example, a potato with an unusual shape cannot be marketed for domestic consumption and the producer will be forced to make a selection during the post-harvest to allocate that "non-standard" food for the nutrition of livestock. Thus there is a further waste of food.
About 40% of total waste is made up of food waste. This is why it is important to adopt more aware behavioral measures. Reduce the production of food waste it is a challenge that affects us all. A study conducted in 2002, which analyzed the behavior of several American families, found that these families threw away about 14% of the food they bought. Although this percentage may seem low, translated into economic terms, it means throwing in the trash over $ 600 a year. Reduce the production of food waste it means saving money!
THE food waste are a growing concern. Suffice it to think that an estimate made in 2010 showed that 300 million barrels of oil are used annually for the transport and production of that food which is then thrown away; equivalent to about 4% of total oil. Having said that, the damage that i food waste they bring to the environment and to society as a whole. That is why each of us must strive for produce less waste and to do so you can follow our advice:
- Grow your own vegetables. There are many vegetables that you can also grow in pots
- Plan your meals for the week, see what you already have in the fridge, freezer and pantry and adapt your shopping list so you can consume what you already have at home first
- Learn how to store fruit and vegetables correctly, in the last chest of the fridge and above all, learn to consume them before it rots
- Visit the local market, buy fresh food… avoid going to the supermarket just to accumulate points on your loyalty card!
- At the flea market, buy potatoes, green beans or carrots, even if they look less conventional. Abandon visual standards and rely on the true naturalness of vegetables. This is why you prefer local farmers rather than industrial products, in this way you will also avoid annoying polystyrene packaging.
- Try to eat the leftovers from lunch for dinner or try to freeze them or re-cook them with some nice recipe
- Be more aware of what you eat!
curated by Anna De Simone