There World Environment Day June 5 has been celebrated since 1972 (it was established by the United Nations) and should be used to promote good environmental practices. The point is which ones.
To mention them all together, from safeguarding the seas to sustainable food production, would be dispersive and ineffective: better choose one and say something about it that may prove useful to someone.
This time I am talking about WEEE, waste from electrical and electronic equipment, taking advantage of the recent and positive 'one-against-zero' Decree (I am referring to Legislative Decree 49/2014) which from 12 April allows anyone to return small electrical appliances to the store and discarded electronic devices (those with external dimensions of less than 25 cm) without obligation to purchase.
The provision applies the European directive 19/2012 and is positive because it makes it easier for citizens to behave virtuously with regard to WEEE (if I can return them to the store, I will be less tempted to discard them in the undifferentiated) while facilitating collection and recovery. of small appliances, less than 20% of which are disposed of properly.
Of course, only the points of sale with a commercial area of over 400 square meters have the obligation to collect small WEEE - as it should be so as not to put small businesses in difficulty - but it can also be delivered to a different store. from the one where you bought the item.
Because the 'one-against-zero' decree is a good argument in the World Environment Day? Because together with the previous 'one-on-one' decree - the one that provides for the withdrawal of the household appliance used in the event of the purchase of a new product - it aims to order the collection of WEEE by fighting its illegal trade.
The traffic of electrical and electronic waste, as well as increasing, has become a global problem and is an emergency in Africa, where, for example, illegal WEEE from half of Europe ends up in illegal landfills. For the benefit of criminal organizations and with damage to the economy and the environment.
And then in the World Environment Day let's ask ourselves: where should WEEE go?
- Small WEEE (external surface less than 25 cm) can be returned to the store without obligation to purchase;
- for larger ones, if you buy a new appliance, you can return the old one (even in the case of home delivery);
- in the absence of a new purchase, the WEEE must be delivered to one of the 3,759 pitches equipped for collection and disposal.
In order not to make a mistake in the bin, here is how WEEE waste electrical and electronic equipment is classified by law:
- R1 - refrigeration appliances (refrigerators and freezers);
- R2 - washing machines and ovens;
- R3 - televisions and monitors;
- R4 - small appliances and consumer electronics;
- R5 - light sources, neon and energy saving lighting sources.
90% of the weight of electronic waste is made up of materials that can be recovered and recycled. Furthermore, some WEEE contains particularly polluting substances, for example the mercury from energy-saving light bulbs or the refrigerant gases from freezers, for which specific treatments are required.
A separate speech, worthy of further study on the occasion of the World Environment Day, is that of the rare earth content.