Do you want to make the soil in your garden more fertile without having to resort to chemical fertilizers? Many do not know that organic waste, considered a source of pollution, is an indispensable resource for the environment; they allow us to produce compost, a natural fertilizer rich in nutrients for our plants. In this article we will see precisely how to make fertilizer for the vegetable garden at home, recycling our organic waste. The DIY fertilizer can also be used for ornamental plants.
How to make fertilizer, what we need
- Organic waste
- 2 Bins
- Mace to mix the mixture.
How to make fertilizer, the organic waste to be used
Not all waste can be used to produce our fertilizer. Therefore, the organic waste to be used are: bread, egg shells, coffee remains, fruit pulp and peel, vegetables, nut shells, grass, leaves, flowers, paper, cow or horse dung.
CAUTION: Discard bones, chicken, meat or fish, vegetable oils, cat or dog dung, salad dressings, plastic and synthetic fibers.
How to make fertilizer, how to prepare
- Take a bin and place it in an outdoor place well sheltered from the elements
- Pour in a layer of sawdust: it serves to absorb bad odors and excess moisture
- Add a layer of organic waste: if they are too dry, you will need to add water to ensure the maintenance of humidity
- Continue alternating layers of organic waste with a layer of sawdust: before pouring the next layer of residue, mix
- When our composter is almost full, put a layer of sawdust last
How to make fertilizer, how to get it
- Even if you do not have to add other organic waste, you will still have to ventilate every three days: this necessary operation will allow the gases produced by decomposition to escape.
- To facilitate the operation, pour the contents into another bin, mixing and hydrating with water to allow the right point of humidity.
- If there is too much bad smell, add more sawdust
- After about two / three months, the organic waste will turn into fertilizer: the final product will appear homogeneous, dark coffee-colored, shredded and with a hummus smell.
Once the fertilizer is ready, you can use it as a natural fertilizer. The freshly prepared compost is rich in all the minerals and nutrients necessary to help plants grow: all you have to do is mix it with common earth, both for the planters and for the vegetable garden.