Agriculture

How to prevent apex rot


Theapical rotit is not a disease as it is not insects, bacteria or fungi that cause it; when it comes toapical rotwe refer to a physiopathy, i.e. a problem determined by a set of factors:prevent tip rotit means intervening directly on the causes. Today we will seehow to prevent apex rotreported a series of practical tips ready for use.

To understandhow to prevent apex rotlet's make some initial considerations talking about the causes.What are the causes of theapical rot?
There causemain ofapical rotis the calcium deficiency. Other causes are strong and or prolonged temperature changes, irregular or scarce irrigation, excessive transpiration of plants due to a lack of water availability ...apical rotit occurs mainly in the summer months and, near the crops, it is able to hit a good part of the fruits of a plant causing large losses in terms of production.

As we could see, thecauseswhich induce theapical rotare therefore multiple a work ofprevention of apical rotit won't be easy at all. Many farmers aim for theprevention of apical rotworking on the ground even before sowing, especially when it comes to crops such as the tomato, where theapical rotaffects much of berries.

How to prevent root rot,advice

  • When working the soil, plant abundant organic matter: manure or manure. The organic matter, in addition to fertilizing the soil, helps to retain moisture better so as not to cause excessive transpiration of the plants.
  • Before planting, arrange a layer of mulch on the flower beds in order to reduce water evaporation and make individual irrigations more efficient.
  • Shade the plants by setting up a tunnel greenhouse covered with special shading nets at 30-40%.
  • Irrigate at regular intervals using, preferably, drip irrigation systems or through a perforated hose.
  • Do not overdo the quantities of water: it is absolutely not recommended to allow the plants to undergo periods of drought alternating with periods in which the soil is excessively wet.
  • Avoid sprinkler or sprinkler irrigation systems.
  • Do not overdo the supply of nitrogen and potassium: potassium can make it difficult for plants to absorb calcium. Keep the quality of the soil under control and every 7-10 days, remember to administer calcium-based fertilizers following the dosage indicated by the manufacturer. For example, calcium nitrate-15 is a fertilizer that is applied at a dose of 3-4 grams per square meter.
  • It is recommended to carry out foliar treatments with calcium chloride, every 10 days, at a dose of 2 grams for each liter of water used.

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