Grow Hemp in Italy it is legal as long as the variety of hemp grown contains a percentage of THC lower than 0.2% and as long as the procedure established by Italian law is followed or by the circular of the MIPAAF (Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies) no. 1 of 8 May 2002.
The quickest way to start a cultivation of hemp is to order the seeds from Assocanapa (National Coordination for Hemp cultivation) by sending an email to: [email protected] or by calling 011 / 97.15.898 every morning except Monday, to receive all the necessary information.
What is Hemp
There Hemp, also known by the Latin term Cannabis, is a plant of the Cannabinaceae family, which also includes hops.
There Hemp has an extremely varied number of possible uses, including: production of textile fibers, medical use as an anti-inflammatory, component of plastic fibers, fertilizers, upholstery for cars, building materials, cosmetics and many more.
The varieties of Hemp with a high content of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), with percentages varying between 7 and 24%, instead have a psychoactive effect which led in 1937 to the start of prohibition against hemp with the signature by President Roosevelt of the "Marihuana Tax Act ". Shortly after, other countries also followed the example of the United States, also banning the variety of Cannabis Sativa with low THC content and used exclusively for textile and industrial purposes.
Growing Hemp: where and how
There Hemp is a very resistant plant that adapts to different types of soil and at altitudes up to 1,500 meters above sea level. It is sown in March and April and a seed quantity of 50 kilograms per hectare is recommended to be spread with a grain seeder with a disc adapted for hemp seed on prepared soil and with sufficient humidity for germination.
There Hemp it is a natural herbicide because it grows at a faster rate than weeds, suffocating them.
There Hemp it is cut with a cutter bar in mid-August and packaged with a normal press after having been left on the field for a short period in order to favor partial maceration.
There Hemp cultivation in Italy it has started to grow again and for 2014 a doubling of the cultivated areas is expected.
Pharmacological properties of Hemp
Hemp was considered a sacred plant by the Hindu population and was known in Sanskrit with the terms "bhanga" and "ganjika" and in Hindi with the term "ganja". It was used as a pain reliever and against nausea and vomiting. Recent studies have confirmed the beneficial effects of hemp also against asthma and movement disorders. Further beneficial effects are documented by ongoing studies which we do not believe, however, to be explored here due to the delicacy and the need for maximum caution for any consideration in the medical field.