Types of heating systems: condensing or traditional boilers, heat pumps, fireplaces, radiators, convectors and coil heating systems (floor, skirting, wall or ceiling ...). What are theheating systemsmore efficient?
When it comes toefficiency, it is rare to be able to focus in an undisputed way on a single technology: much depends on the system model hypothesized. More than talking about real savings, we will compare the different ones types of heating systems for the production of heat.
Aheating systemis composed of systems for the production of heat (for example, the boiler or the exchanger) and devices for theheat transfer(such as radiators -thermosiphons- or fillers in the case of pellet stoves).
The different ones types of heating systems they differ from each other in the systems of heat production. The first classification is based on the type of fuel used (coal, gas, wood, diesel ...) or the source of energy used (geothermal, solar, electricity ...) to heat the heat carrier (air, water or steam) that is conveyed to the rooms to be heated.
Types of heating systems
For the distribution of the heat produced by the boilers, water is used that is able to heat the house through a network of radiators (radiators or heaters) arranged in the various rooms of the building to be heated.
The radiators can be made of different materials and therefore have different properties / characteristics (time taken to heat the room, cooling times ...) For the types of radiators (cast iron, aluminum, steel ...) and the characteristics, please refer to the article "Radiator heating “.
In addition to the type of radiator used, boilers are classified based on factors such as:
- The nominal heat output
Wall-hung boilers, floor-standing or reverse flame boilers.
- The place of installation
We have outdoor or indoor boilers
- The type of air draft
It can be sealed or open chamber
- The fuel used for the production of heat
Methane, LPG, diesel, pellet or wood boilers.
- Exchange technology
We have the most innovative condensing boilers and traditional boilers.
In the most innovative condensing boiler, the heat of the gases derived from combustion is recovered. In traditional models the combustion gas is expelled with the exhaust smoke while in the condensing type, this gas is"condensed"and reused in the heating process. The condensing boilers are all watertight. For more information:how a condensing boiler works.
There is no shortage of electric boilers on the market, but their convenience is closely related to the use of a small photovoltaic system.
Regardless of the type, the boiler is responsible for producing domestic hot water.
Thereheat pumpit works by taking heat from a colder environment and then transferring it to a warmer environment. Heat pumps differ from each other in the type of heat source used (water, air, earth) and in the type of fuel used (electricity or gas). The heat pump water heater is a further application of the technology underlying theheat pump.
Some heat pumps can also be used to cool rooms in the summer. For further information:
- Types of heat pumps
- Useful hints forchoose the heat pump
Betweentypes of heating systemsfireplaces are included. These systems use, as fuel, pellets or wood but also LPG, methane, diesel oil, bioethanol ... For the complete list, with any advantages and disadvantages, we refer you to the page:types of fuel for stoves.Fireplaces are also differentiated according to the way they spread the heat.
Compared to classic open chamber fireplaces, thermo-fireplaces make it possible not to disperse much of the heat that would otherwise be lost through the flue.
For the types of underfloor, ceiling, wall or baseboard heating, we refer you to the pages dedicated to radiant panel technology:
- Wall radiant panels
- Radiant ceiling panels
- Radiant floor panels
- The thickness of the radiant panels
- Baseboard heating
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