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There lawn care in autumn it is essential because it allows the grass to survive the cold months well and return to life in spring. Winter, on the other hand, is the period of attention, rather than interventions, during which the lawn should be left to rest by walking on it as little as possible.
Lawn care in the fall: aerate and scarify
Sooner or later even the carefully tended lawns are invaded by felt and moss. The enemy felt of the lawn is basically an accumulation of organic remains that hinders the breathing of the roots; moss, on the other hand, is that omnipresent host that we see thriving in two cases: difficult growing conditions (unsuitable seed, excessive shade) or humid and mild periods that favor its propagation.
To restore the possibility of exchanging air with the subsoil to the surface of the soil, favoring the growth of the lawn, it is necessary to first scarify and then aerate the soil. Scarifying means removing felt and moss with the special rake with oscillating or fixed teeth; aerating, on the other hand, is the operation that is done with the aerator, manual or motorized, equipped with blades that affect the surface between the blades of grass. Regular aeration, carried out once a month in spring and autumn, prevents the formation of the felt and improves the water absorption capacity.
Here you can buy a good aerator and electric motor online
Here a manual aerator
Lawn care in autumn: Top Dressing
Top dressing consists of covering the grassland with sand mixed with peat. This operation is essential after coring (removal of portions of asphyxiated lawn) and is useful after aeration to level the soil and promote drainage. For a good top-dressing mix you can mix: three parts of coarse river sand, six parts of fine sand and one part of peaty loam. About 2 kg are distributed per square meter, using a fertilizer spreader, then pass the roller and get wet.
Lawn care in autumn: fertilizing
To fertilize the lawn in autumn, slow-release fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium are preferable, which favor root development. There are some that contain substances able to counteract the formation of moss and which in autumn can be particularly useful. The fertilizer must be distributed evenly with a fertilizer spreader (which can also be a seed spreader) on a non-dehydrated soil. After fertilization and in the following days, the soil must be well irrigated.
Here you will find a fertilizer spreader trolley
Here is a pre-winter fertilizer lawn formulation
Autumn is the right time to repair damaged areas of the lawn with overseeding using special mixtures of seeds for regermination. The damaged areas must be ventilated, then covered with soil and seeds for overseeding. Finally, it is watered regularly.
Here you will find seeds for overseeding
The fallen leaves must be promptly removed from the lawn to prevent them from rotting and forming spots. The last cut before winter must not leave the grass too low and then mowing must be suspended until spring.
Lawn care in winter
When the lawn is frosted, it should not be walked on to prevent frozen blades of grass from breaking. To transit, you can use wooden planks resting on the grass.
Read also the article Most frequent lawn diseases
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