The allergens in the home they can be of an animal, vegetable or chemical nature. The most common and also the most insidious are dust mites. They are not visible to the naked eye and hide in hot and humid environments, for example in beds, feeding on the scales of our skin, food remnants and molds. I'm considered allergens because their bodies and their feces can cause allergic crises in sensitive individuals.
Allergens domestic are frequently food moths that hide in food, for example in flour. And obviously cat fur is a super-allergen, but this is known, because it contains substances that can trigger very strong crises in allergic people.
If the allergy risk of cat hair is known, it is less known allergenic function some indoor plants. From this point of view, violets, ficus benjamina and the lactic acid of some plants are particularly at risk. They are allergens exactly like the pollen released from the trees outside (poplars, cypresses, plane trees ...) and some fruits.
Among the chemicals, they can be responsible for allergies also some molds that form in humid places such as bathrooms and kitchens or in non-ventilated areas where there is infiltration of water from the outside. Apart from cellars and attics, uninsulated walls at risk of condensation and walls subject to capillary rising damp are to be feared.
They are very frequent domestic allergies caused by detergents and disinfectants, cause of contact dermatitis and asthma attacks. Dermatitis can be irritative or allergic. The first affects any person and depends on the irritating power of the products, as well as the intensity and duration of the contact. The allergic one instead affects only sensitive subjects and contacts with very low concentrations are enough to cause it.
Some drugs can also be allergens. For example on the skin of the hands when handling ointments intended for others (think nurses and assistants to the person). Sometimes it's the same gloves used to protect yourself from chemicals that cause hand allergies, especially if it's gloves made from latex.
Allergens in the home: here's what to do
An allergic person should be constantly monitored by a doctor who can give advice and prescribe therapies to prevent acute crises. That said, there are general rules of behavior that can reduce the threat posed by allergens.
To prevent it is useful to ventilate the rooms often and well, reduce the humidity of the rooms in which you stay, remove dust from all surfaces and use gloves when handling detergents and disinfectants.
If you are allergic one should live in environments without rugs and carpets. Soft toys are also a risk: if you can't get rid of them, they should be washed often at 60 ° C. Ditto for the bed linen, which must be washed at 60 ° C as a minimum and dried in the sun if possible. Other rules are as follows:
- use a vacuum cleaner equipped with a micro filter;
- use damp cloths for cleaning;
- wash the waste bin often and well;
- wash the radiators often and often replace the filters of convectors and air conditioners;
- use dust masks when dusting or sweeping on the ground;
- use cotton gloves under rubber gloves (and of course latex-free gloves if you are allergic to latex).
Here you can buy good dust masks online
You might also be interested in Food allergens