The concept behind the grafting techniques is simple: one part of the plant is taken and grown on another! L'graftingin fact, it allows the tissues of two plants to be joined together.
For make the graft we need a "rootstock" or a plant that is selected for the characteristics of its root system, therefore for its vigor and resistance, and a"Scion",i.e. the tissue to be implanted, chosen for characteristics such as leaves, flowers or, in our case,fruits. For graft a plantin addition torootstockand toscionwe need various tools like a knife or onegrafting scissors, of tape and mastic to seal the scar and favor the engraftment of the scion.
Grafting a fruit tree, the advantages
Graft a fruit plant has significant advantages. First you can use godsrootstocksparticularly resistant to diseases to accommodate scions capable of producing better quality fruit. Another major advantage is that the grafted fruit trees they go into production faster than those that grow from seed or cutting. Thanks to'grafting, therefore, joining the two fruit trees you will get a single well-developed plant with adequate strength and production characteristics.
There are a large number oftypes of grafting, the most common ones for grafting fruit plants are bud grafting (also called eye grafting) or scion grafting, in particular split grafting and crown grafting. The bud grafting consists in taking a bud (or eye) from a florid plant. This bud will then be placed on a sturdy rootstock.
Any grafting technique requires good dexterity, for bud grafting: make a T-shaped incision on the rootstock, slightly raise the edges of the bark and, in the incision, insert the bud. Tie the graft with grafting tape or a raffia lace. When the graft has taken root, untie the tape allowing the growth of a new shoot.
For all the details on the grafting techniques mentioned, I refer you to the respective in-depth articles:
- Scudetto graft
- Omega graft
- Split graft
- For the bud graft, further information is proposed in the next paragraph
How to make fruit plant grafts
For fruit trees, the most suitable grafting technique is the bud grafting technique, especially when it comes to apple, pear, peach, apricot, plum and cherry trees, for these fruit trees thebud graft is carried out in period which runs from August to September. For all the details on how to graft, I refer you to the article dedicated to:bud graft.
Grafting on fruit trees, the best time
The period for grafting varies according to the type of grafting and above all according to the plant variety to be grafted. To find the best time to graft a fruit tree, I refer you to the articles:
- When to graft a plant
- When the graft is performed
How to make grafts on citrus fruits
Grafting on citrus fruits is performed like any other grafting on plants. L'graftingit is the most suitable citrus propagation technique as it manages to return plants even more vigorous than the original rootstock. The techniques ofgraftingused with citrus fruits are thesplit graft, the crown graft and the vegetative bud graft also calledscudetto graftor by eye. Thegraftssimpler to operate are thesplit graftand thebud graftso if you are a beginner, forgraft a fruit treeI recommend that you perform a bud or split graft. For all the instructions on how to graft citrus fruits, I refer you to two in-depth articles:
- Grafting the lemon
- Grafting of citrus fruits
Grafting fruit plants: grafting the vine
The debate between the best technique forengagea vine is very lit, it seems that greater chances of engraftment occur with thegraftingomega and interlocking. Without a doubt, thebest timeto operate thisgraftingoccurs in late winter. Once again, for all the details, I refer you to the in-depth guide article dedicated tografting of the vine period and instructions.
As is clear, we have devoted a great deal of pages toGrafting of fruit trees, this is because the techniques are different and nothing must be left to chance, starting with the cut. To increase the chances of taking root, in addition to the use of a stimulating mastic, it is necessary to make a clean, clean cut without burrs. An unclear cut could cause suffering to the plant and compromise the success of the entire operation. This is why it is recommended to use well-sharpened knives or scissors designed for omega or gem cutting ... The use of the grafting knife is recommended only for those with great practicality and experience. To facilitate the entire operation, also i sector professionals now they use special grafting scissors. Grafting scissors are not expensive and on the market there are exclusive ones for a type of cut or more versatile and therefore adaptable to make different types of grafting. Among the various purchase proposals, I would like to point out what appear to be the best value for money grafting scissors:
- Professional grafting scissors - “Tink-sky Professional” - Price € 29.99
- Professional grafting scissors - "Tofern Professional ”- Price € 23.40
These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant. Thegrafting scissors mentionedhave similar characteristics. The only differences lie in the manufacturer and in the fact that the more expensive pruning shears allows you to cut more double branches, with a larger diameter than the Tofren shears which have a maximum opening of 12 mm.
Made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants). Both prices indicated include free shipping costs.
How to graft a fruit tree?
- Choose rootstock and scion
- Adjust the scissors to the type of cut (and graft) desired
- Cut the scion and the branch of the rootstock where you want to plant the scion
- Join the scion to the rootstock by adding mastic
- Seal with raffia or grafting tape.
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