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Food waste in Italyisfood waste in the world: statistics, data collection and information on the criticality of food waste.
Thefood wasteit's not just a question of food. To reach our tables, the foods we eat every day have seen the investment of numerous natural resources with an equally important environmental impact.
With the wasted food, in fact, resources such as water, fertilizers, soil, fossil fuels and energy sources of all kinds are thrown away; not to mention the economic waste and the waste in terms of human resources. Much of the world's water needs are linked to the production of food and food waste is synonymous with water waste.
Food waste in the world
From 1974 to today food waste in the world it has increased by 50% but only recently, thanks to the global economic crisis, is the issue treated as a real problem.
40% of the food produced in the United States ends up in landfills. In Great Britain, 6.7 million tons of still perfectly consumable food are thrown into the waste, for an annual cost of 10 billion pounds. In Sweden, on average, each family throws away 25% of the food they buy. The situation is not very different in Italy and for further information, we refer you to the next paragraph.
The food waste in the world it is a dramatic reality that sees billions of tons of food ending up in the dustbin. Warning! Billions and not millions! According to the analysis carried out by the FAO, food waste in the world amounts to more than 1.3 billion tons per year, equal to about one third of total production. In short, out of the 3.9 billion tons of food produced, 1.3 end up in the garbage. FAO is not the only one to have investigated what it is food waste in the world; according to another research (Smil, 2010), only 43% of the caloric equivalent of products grown for food globally is consumed by humans.
The food waste in the world sees three critical points:
- Food losses
It refers to the losses that occur upstream of the agri-food chain, during cultivation or breeding, harvesting and processing of the raw material.
- Food waste
That is to say the waste that occurs during industrial transformation, distribution and surplus production (unsold product).
- Domestic waste
That is, foods purchased but that do not end up on the consumers' table because they are left behindexpire in the fridge or pantry.
Food waste in Italy
The food waste in Italy it is equally concerning. In our country, a lot is wasted within a year food how much it could satisfy the food needs of three quarters of the Italian population. One year of food waste in Italy it would feed 44,472,924 inhabitants, you understood, almost 44 and a half million people. No wonder, then, to learn that the food waste around the world they could get to feed the whole of Africa! For further information:food waste could feed Africa -Source: FAO.
Thefood waste in Italyit has been underestimated for too long, the first documents on food waste in Italy are relatively recent; it was the global economic crisis that focused the magnifying glass onfood wastetrying to optimize the use of resources on all fronts.
As stated,food wasteit is synonymous with wasting resources, primarily water; another critical point since it is now known, the water resources of the planet are destined to end.
According to a scientific research by the University of Naples, in 2012, thefood waste in Italyit touched 1,226 million cubic meters of water used for the production of food which was then thrown away without being consumed. An incredible waste of water if you consider that the same amount of water could have satisfied the annual water needs of 19 million Italians. Of the 1,226 million cubic meters of water wasted, 706 million cubic meters were wasted by consumers (indirectly, again through food waste), while the remaining 520 million cubic meters were wasted during the production chain. before reaching consumers' homes.
The food waste also pollutes in Italy. On the front ofemissions, there are 24.5 million tons ofcarbon dioxideunnecessarily released into the atmosphere to produce food products destined for the dustbin. 20% of these greenhouse gases are related to the transport sector, of which 14.3 million tons of CO2 are associated with food wasted by consumers and 10.2 million tons are linked to losses along the food chain.
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For more information on food waste in Italy and in the world:
- Day against food waste
- How to reduce food waste
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